What Is Infinite?, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Size and limitless. It is synonymous with endless and unlimited idioms. It is also used in return for the finite statement. Dialectical materialist philosophy has revealed the close interdependence and contradictory unity of the infinite and the finite and explained it scientifically. In metaphysics, these two concepts are contrasted and treated separately. In metaphysics and idealist philosophy, infinity is only the attribute of god, nothing but god can be infinite. Only god is infinitus (La.).
The concept of the infinite in ancient Greek thought was handled by Anaximander and the great kreek (genius N.) Heraclitus. According to Anaximandros, the second thinker of ancient Greek thought, the first cause (arche) is the eternal one (apeiron). Infinity is uncertainty, because every certain thing is bounded by its opposite. Since nothing can come from nothing, the thing from which everything comes out must be an existence, not a nothing. But if this being becomes a certain being, it becomes finite, that is, limited and inexhaustible. To be limitless and inexhaustible, it must presumably be indefinite and thus infinite. According to Heraclitus, the great dialectician of Greek thought, everything flows, changes, progresses (Yu. Panta rei). This creates a continuum in which there is nothing permanent and stagnant…
According to the French thinker Descartes, it is not necessary to try to understand the infinite, but we must think that everything that we cannot find a limit for is unlimited. We must leave the eternal name to God alone, because we do not see the limit of the maturity of God, nor do we suspect that he is unlimited. We know that nothing but God does not exist in such absolute maturity. Although we find in them features that seem limitless, this is more due not to their essence, but to our lack of understanding.
Hegel was the first thinker in the history of thought to suggest that the infinite is dependent on the finite and that in order to understand the infinite, it is necessary to start from the finite. However, he also interpreted these categories from an idealist perspective and considered the infinite as the absolute spirit and regarded the finite as its reflection in nature. Hegel’s aim is only to establish a system of concepts, and he considers the finite and the infinite within this system. For Hegel, the infinite includes the finite. Because if it doesn’t, it has to be finite, since a category it doesn’t include will remain open. That is why this inclusion is a logically necessary inclusion.
As a scientific concept outside of speculative philosophy, infinity expresses the inexistence and indestructibility of matter. Science and dialectical philosophy unite when the universe is a process of eternal and eternal material changes. Matter is inexhaustible, and its infinite variety persists through qualitative transformations. This infinity is reflected in the necessary changes of finite and limited forms of existence. Infinity and finitude are dialectical oppositions, both require the existence of the other. Infinity is a process brought about by inexhaustible finitude with necessary changes. Every finite undergoes unlimited changes because it contradicts the infinite, which has its opposition within it.
The reality of the Infinite in the material universe requires these very important consequences:
1. The universe exists in a space and all material systems are interdependent, (The universe includes all existing space, space is not empty, it is full of energy-matter-motion types. N.)
2.The universe exists in time and matter is inexhaustible,
3. Matter’s modes of existence, qualities, relationships, and development tendencies are infinitely diverse,
4. Matter is qualitatively different and shows an infinite number of properties,
5. Matter is infinitely graded at every level, depending on different laws,
6. There is nothing immaterial in the universe and there cannot be,
7. The process of material development is endless and unlimited.