What is Information Theory or Epistemology?June 28, 2021
Information theory, epistemology or epistemology; first of all, it deals with the issues related to the possibility and impossibility of knowledge. In other words, the main subject of the philosophy of knowledge is whether knowledge is possible or not. It is the branch of philosophy that studies the structure and validity of human knowledge.
It requires a very advanced level of consciousness and accumulation when people begin to doubt their own knowledge or tools, senses, perceptions, and ability to observe and experiment. There is a fundamental distinction between epistemology and logic. Logic examines the formal structure of valid reasoning and lays out the principles of valid inference. Epistemology, on the other hand, deals with the structure of any act of knowing. It is in constant communication with disciplines such as epistemology, ethics, sociology and philosophy of religion.
Giving different meanings and weights to these two elements of the knowledge process, which is generally examined as the relationship between a knowing subject and a known object, has led to different epistemology understandings throughout history. Understandings that focus more on the object are considered realistic, while those that focus on the subject are idealistic. The realistic approach argues that the object of knowledge really exists in the outside world, while the idealist approach argues that knowledge mainly focuses on objects that the subject establishes and that do not actually exist.
In Greek thought, after the knowledge abilities were used and tested for a long time, together with the sophists, for the first time, a person seriously and systematically asked himself whether he could know things as they do.
The Possibility of Knowledge, the Possibility of Knowledge
The first question of information theory is whether knowledge is possible. Those who answer this question positively, that is, those who argue that knowledge is possible, are known as “dogmatic philosophers” in the history of philosophy. Contrary to dogmatics, philosophers who think that knowledge is not possible are generally called “skeptics” or “septics” in the history of philosophy.
Skeptical philosophers try to reject the claims of dogmatic philosophers on knowledge by refuting the basis and criteria of these claims.
The main problem of epistemology, which emerges in this contrast, is the reality of the external world; In this context, epistemology is closely related to metaphysics. Whether the object of knowledge is real or not, whether the content of knowledge has a counterpart in external reality, to what extent the knowing world and the world that exists independently of knowledge fit each other are other issues that are examined within the framework of the same basic problem.
Epistemology: It is a branch of science that deals with knowledge in general, investigates problems related to knowledge, examines the source, nature, accuracy and limits of knowledge, rather than the formation of cognitive processes.
Epistemology focuses on the nature of knowledge, its basic features, why knowledge basically occurs, how to justify claims of knowledge, how to base knowledge against skepticism, the source and limits of knowledge.
– Source of Knowledge
– Accuracy of Information
– Possibility of Knowledge
– Limits of Knowledge
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Prof. Dr. Ahmet Arslan – Introduction to Philosophy Book