What is Informationism, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
It is possible to answer the question of what is informationism as follows: Informationism is an important current of thought in Ancient Greek philosophy and it started to be underestimated after Plato and especially Aristotle, and its name was shifted to the meaning of wrong reasoning made to mislead.
Various forms of these illusions have been identified in logic. Usually these deceptions conform to the formal rules of reasoning, do not deceive, but surprise in a way that they cannot easily deny. For example, to prove a problem completely different from the one in question, to prove with itself what needs to be proved, to make incomplete induction are such deceptions. The English philosopher Bentham identified four types of parliamentary delusions:
To use the superiority of speech provided in one subject on another subject altogether.
To achieve the desired result by creating delusions of external and internal danger.
To accept what is desired by making it possible to never come true.
To deliberately confuse problems so that you get what you want.
Informationism emerged as the criticism movement of Ancient Greek philosophy. As an adjective, the phrase sophistic expresses the meaning of pious and pedantic. As a name, it names the teaching of the ancient Greek scholars. However, scholars are more commonly referred to as sophists.
THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE INFORMATION CURRENT
The term sophistic is also used as a genus noun in French in the sense of a distorted, made-up and frivolous philosophy. The term pedant, which was expressed with the Greek sophistes idiom, changed many meanings; it was first used to mean the teaching that favors wisdom, then the teacher of knowledge, and according to Protagoras, first the art of being useful in politics, and then the art of speaking. BC The 5th century is the era in which the current of pedantry was dominant in Ancient Greek philosophy. This age is also called the Age of Ancient Enlightenment.
Countless assumptions put forward since Thales, who is considered to be the first thinker, eventually revived the human mind and led it to criticize it by reconsidering everything that was going on. The unrestrained human thought of the natural sciences was returning to itself from the delusional world of the basis of existence. The object of study of the information movement was man himself. According to the famous phrase of Protagoras, “Man is the measure of all things”.
Knowledge should be a practical utility, not a theoretical curiosity. Protagoras said, “As for the gods, I know neither their existence nor their non-existence.” The scholar Hippias boasted of “gaining independence” because he had sewn the dress he was wearing. Man had to be freed from all kinds of artificial bonds, and the human law (nomos) had to be replaced by the natural law (physis). Putting human and therefore social life in the first place necessarily brought ethical problems to the fore. The famous ethicist Socrates is the child of this movement. Just as the eighteenth century enlightenment prepared the conditions for Kant, the ancient enlightenment prepared the conditions for Socrates and Plato-Aristotle.
THE METHOD OF THE INFORMATION CURRENT
Scholars (Protagoras, Gorgias, Prodikos, Hippias, Antiphon, Alkidamas, Lykophron, Kalkles, Kritias, Simonides) worked with the method of discussion (dialectic), which they considered a necessity of doubt and criticism. This method is also Socrates’ method. Although the scholars put forward materialist ideas, they continued the idealist line of which they were the product and denied the possibility of knowing the world. It is this idealist line that, on the one hand, degenerates the pedantic movement and transforms philosophy into a game of eloquence, on the other hand, it has resulted in the development of idealist principles and prepared the possibilities for the “I” to be the source of knowledge in Socrates. Plato is the necessary consequence of this line.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım