What Is Instinct, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
The impulse that drives the animal to necessity. The animal instinct should not be confused with the human instinct. The distinctive feature of instinct is that it is common to all individuals of an animal species. Instincts are physiological, not spiritual; they are not educational, they are spontaneous. Thought and consciousness have no influence on instincts; They cannot be learned and cannot be acquired by trial.
In this respect, they are synonymous with unconditional reflexes, which the scholar Pavlov put forward as a result of his experiments on animals. However, these unconditioned reflexes are also the result of accumulations of physiological and environmental conditioning that have been passed from generation to generation through heredity. For example, the mouse’s escape from the cat, its ability to get used to the human against it, and not to escape from the human, is the most obvious proof of such a conditioning (?N.). The development of the instinctive behaviors and the behaviors obtained through experimentation are inversely proportional to each other.
In this respect, primitive man, who differs little from the animal, has remnants of instinct, whereas the intelligent man, that is, the real man, has no instincts at all. Instinctive behaviors of humans left over from the animal stage have been replaced by plastic (flexible, changeable N.) behaviors related to intelligence. Humans do not have specialized organs, nor do they have specialized behaviors. Man does not act in a particular situation, which is peculiar to his species and common to all individuals of his species. The behavior of the animal is generic and therefore instinctive. It is not clear how a person will behave in a given situation; human behavior at that moment social, moral, intellectual, etc. it depends on the conditions. Not all animal behavior can be attributed to instincts. For example, it is not the instinct that makes the propeller run to the light, but the light attractor. It is also necessary to separate the instincts from the truth and not to confuse them. Moreover, adaptation to the environment is the opposite of instinct, because an animal that continues to live on its blind instincts is destroyed by the changes in the physical environment. The assumption of infallible instinct has also been refuted by showing how instincts sometimes err.