What is Jansenism (Jansenism, Jansenism)?

What is Jansenism (Jansenism, Jansenism)?

June 29, 2021 Off By Felso

The question of what is Jansenism can be answered as follows: Jansenism or Jansenism is a Catholic theological movement. It originated in France. Jansenism finds the source of sin in the birth of man; that is, he argues that sins occur with the birth of man. Jansenism upholds the principles of Divine grace and Destiny. Jansenists believe in destiny, that we do not have free will and that only a few pre-chosen people can go to heaven. They also adopt a very strict life.

This doctrine, which is also expressed in Turkish as Jansenianism and Jansenism, is entirely based on the philosophical understanding of Augustinus and denies human freedom. Jansenism, which opposed Jesuitism, which gave a large share to human freedom, and entered a great struggle with it, was also adopted and followed by thinkers gathered in the Port-Royal monastery as a Christian sect. Especially Jansenist Blaise Pascal  (1623-1662) played a major role in the transformation of Augustinianism and its 17th century form, Jansenism, into mysticism.

This movement, which defends the principles of divine grace and Destiny, stemmed from the work of the Dutch theologian Cornelius Jansen. It was first popularized by Jansen’s friend, Abbot Jean Duvergier de Hauranne, of Saint-Cyran-en-Brenne Abbey. After Duvergier’s death in 1643, it was administered by Antoine Arnauld. Jansenism held an exceptional place in the Catholic Church in the 17th and 18th centuries. The teleological center of the movement is Port-Royal Abbey, Paris. It has also been home to authors such as Duvergier, Arnauld, Pierre Nicole, Blaise Pascal and Jean Racine.

Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook; “The Four Dungeons of Man” Ali Shariati