What is Kantian Rationalism (Rationality)?July 1, 2021
The most fundamental criticisms of rationalism come from Kant, who is also a specific rationalist. This criticism is also called Kantian Rationalism. Kant put forward his main criticism on this point and explained his philosophical principles in his work “Critique of Pure Reason” (1781). It is seen that the philosophical problems of both empiricism and rationalism are critically evaluated and tried to be overcome in Kant’s philosophy.
In this respect, the founder of the philosophical tradition called critical philosophy is Kant, and in this way he tried to get rid of the inadequacies of empiricism and rationalism. While investigating the limits and structure of human knowledge, Kant was interested in determining the theoretical status of the mind on the one hand, and tried to determine the theoretical limits of all kinds of experience on the other.
In the “Critique of Pure Reason” there is a particularly comprehensive attempt to examine the necessary nature of experience. Accepting the existence of a priori and a posteriori knowledge, Kant classifies them as different types of knowledge and evaluates the inadequacies of previous philosophical traditions in the axis of these categories.