What Is Life, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
The existence form of protein matter… Since life is basically a movement, the whole universe is alive (living N.). The way of life, which appears with the assimilation, growth and reproduction properties of protein matter in plant and animal beings, is a specific form of universal life. There are three basic forms of universal motion; inorganic motion, organic (vital) motion, social motion.
The ability to react is the most necessary condition for the exchange of matter with the environment, in other words, for life. The living organism reacts actively to the influences of its environment, expending energy that it must regain in doing so. The primitive protein substance, in other words, the protoplasm, began to live by acquiring the ability to absorb this energy from its environment. the living organism thus grew and multiplied. Sensitivity, which is found even in the simplest and most primitive living organisms, has reached its most perfect form in human existence by forming new and developed organs. High nervous activity and spiritual activity are unique to humans (spiritual=psychological activity exists in animals N.).
Engels says: “Life is the mode of being of proteinaceous bodies. It is the constant and mutual exchange of matter with the natural environment that constitutes the essential element of proteinaceous bodies.
Proteins are the material basis of life, as stated in Engels’ definition, which is in principle confirmed by contemporary scientific findings. Proteins are a complex product of material development. Especially as fermentation systems, they carry out the metabolism that underlies all the vital activities of the living organism. The phenomenon of metabolism (replacement and transformation) is unique to living matter and distinguishes it from inanimate matter. This process of substitution and transformation is a contradictory process, it both resolves and decomposes. On the one hand, nutritional substances are converted into living tissues, on the other hand, living tissues are converted into substances. Life is the product of this exchange of matter. This exchange of matter with the nature that surrounds them is the lifestyle of albuminoid matter. With this exchange, life exists by destroying and renewing itself every moment.
Metaphysical and idealistic teachings attribute life to supernatural forces with various assumptions that are not much different from mythological beliefs. For example, the doctrine of vitalism posits obscure vital principles as the source of life. These principles are defined by themselves as unknowable power. Vital power, no matter what name it is asserted, is always of an immaterial nature. Religious metaphysics assumes that God created life. In all metaphysics and idealism, the dogma “God takes back what God has created” is dominant. Therefore, suicide, abortion, abortion, and the medical killing of a patient who is suffering and dying (euthanasia) is both a sin and a crime.