What is Mathematical Positivity and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
A branch of neo-positivism. Especially in the field of sociology, mathematical positivists, who tried to develop bourgeois sociology by using natural science concepts, reduced sociological analysis to mathematical analysis. This current is S. Dodd, N. Roschevski, Raymond Aron, G. Lundberg, F. Chepin, G. Zipf etc. followed by sociologists.
For example, the French sociologist Raymond Aron says: “Since the method of natural science has achieved successful results in all fields, intelligent people should have no doubt that this method will also succeed in the analysis of social facts”. According to this, for example, the American sociologist Dodd determines the social situation with a mathematical formula as follows: D (Social status) — Z (Everything that can be expressed as time, such as age, working time, time from one workbench to another, etc.): U (Geographical space, household everything that can be expressed in space, such as distance between workplaces, migration, etc.): N (Population): I (Distance of people and their environment). According to the mathematical positivists, there are no laws other than the laws of nature, and therefore there can be no laws of social development.
The American sociologist Roschevski argues that sociology is still in a pre-scientific era because competent science has not yet applied the laws of physics. Moreover, mathematical positivists deal only with the quantitative side of social facts, ignoring the qualitative side. They also often ignore the material factors that condition social behavior.