What is Monatism (Monadism) and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Monatism or Monadism is the German philosopher Leibniz’s doctrine of indivisible power. The term monat, meaning indivisible, perfect unit, atom, originates from Ancient Greek philosophy. It was used by the Pythagoreans and Neoplatonists. The German thinker Gottfried W. Leibniz called the indivisible power in matter the monat in his work called Monadology, which covers all his philosophy. Because of this, this philosophy is called Monatism or Monadism.
MONATS and MONADISM
According to this understanding, the essence of all beings in the universe are units called monats. The importance of monats is that they are closed to all external perceptions. In Leibniz’s words, monats don’t have windows so that something can get in and out of them. This proves that our knowledge is innate, not acquired later and through the senses.
Monates can only begin with creation and end with destruction. The monad is God. Monats change and act with their own internal influences, since they cannot receive any external influence. All simple substances or created monats with the same meaning can be called entelechia because they have a competence and an automatical competence that makes them the source of their inner action.
Every monat is different from other monats because in nature no two things are alike. Therefore, in every monat there is a constant change, and what we think of as birth and death are the manifestations of these monats in their eternal change. Monats monad God is the first unit or the first simple substance in the beginning. All monats that have been created or have emerged from each other are made up of it.
Since monats are indivisible, they are not part of God but his creature. Our knowledge based on reason starts from two great principles: the principle of contradiction, according to which we judge false for what contains contradiction, right for what is contrary to wrong, or right for what is contradictory with wrong. The principle of sufficient reason, according to which we understand that no phenomenon can be true or existing unless there is a sufficient reason. Then, since there are infinite possible universes in God’s knowledge and only one of them can exist, there must be a sufficient reason for God to choose this one over another.
It is this assumption that properly reveals the greatness of God. Every living organic body is a kind of Divine machine (mechanism). Parts of a machine made by human art are not machines, but living bodies are forever machines in their smallest parts. Herein lies the difference between human art and divine art.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım