What is Moral Philosophy?June 28, 2021
It is possible to answer the question of what is moral philosophy as follows: Moral philosophy deals with values, rules, judgments and basic thoughts in human life; in its most general sense, it deals with and evaluates the moral dimension of human life; human behavior and whether these behaviors are right or wrong; It is the discipline of philosophy that questions whether it is good or bad.
Ethics, which has passed from Arabic to Turkish and in Turkish; It is a concept that means the behavior patterns and rules that people have to comply with in a society. In general, morality is formed by the traditions, values and rules formed in the society; It is the name given to the systemic structure that determines, directs and shapes the right or wrong, good or bad behavior of any individual, any group or the whole society.
Morality does not have to adhere to a single structure. In this context; One can talk about morality in the work and family environment, in the political arena, and even in all areas of life. Here, moral philosophy is a branch of philosophical inquiry that tries to explain and evaluate morality in all areas where morality can be mentioned.
WHAT IS ETHICS?
Morality is manifested in different forms from society to society.
Man is an entity that exists and lives together with nature and society, not alone. “How should the relations with the community and nature be?” The question is primarily a moral question.
Morality generally refers to the principles and rules that emerge from the actions of humans towards another human being, group, or animate and inanimate beings, and from their relations with nature and developed to regulate these relations.
Any arrangement, whether human or other, has a moral dimension. Law and religious rules carry a moral concern; includes the concern of providing peace, happiness and well-being. For example, lying, harming life or property; They are forms of behavior that are not considered morally, legally and religiously correct.
All societies have moral rules. From past to present, it is not possible to talk about any society without a moral system; more precisely, without developing the principles and rules regulating the relationship between them, a society cannot be formed without an understanding of goodness and beauty.
Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with morality and reflects on moral principles. It is the field of philosophy that investigates what moral action and good and bad are, the relationship of will and choice with moral action, and what elements a moral and virtuous life carries.
The task of ethics as a system of philosophy is not to develop a new moral system and to ensure that it is followed, but to reflect on moral relations and to obtain opinions.
In philosophy, many issues related to morality have been discussed and different views have been put forward. Prominent among the main problems of moral philosophy are; the criterion of good and evil, the relationship between freedom and responsibility, and whether there is a universal moral law.
WHAT IS THE SUBJECT OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY?
Moral philosophy is a philosophical discipline that deals with human actions and the principles on which these actions are based.
moral philosophy; It questions the prevailing principles in the field of morality, what “good” and “bad” are, and what morality means.
Moral philosophy is the systematic reflection and investigation of moral life.
Each branch of knowledge has its own concepts and special terms. Moral philosophy also has specific concepts such as “good”, “evil”, “freedom”, “virtue”, “responsibility”, “conscience”, “moral law”, “moral decision”, “moral action”.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ETHICS AND ETHICS?
Morale is a collection of rules adopted by the individual and society and directing human life. Experiencing these as a social phenomenon is called morality.
Ethics are value judgments that apply to a person, group or society at a particular time and place. Morals are subjective and relative.
Morality and moral philosophy (ethics) are different concepts. Ethics is the philosophical discipline that studies and explains morality from a philosophical point of view. It examines what morality is, how moral behavior occurs, the reason for good and bad behavior. That is, ethics studies the moral essence and structure of human behavior.
While morality is something that is factual and historically lived, ethics is the name of the philosophical discipline that addresses this phenomenon. That is, morality is defined as the practical value of good and bad behavior, and ethics as the theory of good and bad behavior.
The task of ethics is not to develop morals of any kind and to advise that morality be followed; rather, it is to obtain a general view of moral facts.
What are the basic concepts of moral philosophy?
Judgment, value judgments, moral judgments and religious judgments
The relationship between virtue and life
What are the basic questions of moral philosophy?
The morals of some philosophers
Immanuel Kant and the morality of duty
Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy
Socrates and moral philosophy
Plato and his moral philosophy
Farabi and his moral philosophy
Spinoza and his moral philosophy
Basic concepts of moral philosophy
Philosophical approaches to morality