What is Morality?July 1, 2021
The science that determines and examines the rules of individual and social behavior in a certain period of a certain society. The term morality, which is the plural of the Arabic word hulk, which expresses the behavior that a person performs due to his nature, includes the plural meanings of temperament, character and temperament.
In our language, it is met with the terms of actor as personal morality, morality as social morality and ethics as science. In this respect, the term ethics as science and philosophy corresponds to both the French terms éthique and morale. Theoretical ethics (Os. Nazari Morale, Fr. Morale théorique) were used as the equivalent of ethics, and practical ethics (Os. Ameli ethics, Fr. Morale pratique) were used as the equivalent of morale. There are also those who call morality as morale and moral philosophy as éthique or ethics in Turkish spelling.
Ancient thinkers used the Greek term ethics in all these senses. The Greek expression éthé expressed the meaning of tradition (Os. Customs, Fr. Les moeurs). Later, the terms éthique in the sense of philosophical-scientific morality and morale in the sense of practical-social morality began to be used, and science des moeurs (Os. Orf ve adat science) was introduced by Lévy-Bruhl. This new science, which we can refer to as ethics to distinguish it from ethics, also includes morality, as Lévy-Bruhl himself said. In fact, the Arabic term morality completely corresponds to the term moeurs and expresses the social rules determined by tradition, custom, actor and habits in a society.
The set of rules used to regulate people’s behavior in society and their relationships with each other is the set of criteria used to judge other people’s behavior positively or negatively.
Throughout history, a moral system has existed in every human society. This system varies from society to society and from age to age within the same society. Objective or social morality includes man’s duty to other members of society. Although these rules are different from law in terms of form because they are not written, there are situations where morality and law overlap or even become identified. There is a close connection between the rules of law that dominate social life and objective morality. Legal arrangements that do not comply with the general moral views of the society and the social conscience will not be long-lasting as they cannot fulfill the social function expected from them. Moral sense can be defined as “the emotion that is the source of moral behavior”.