What is Movement (Movement), What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
When the necessity to assume motion arose, the necessity to search for a prime mover arose. Anaxagoras nous, who hit this first flick, called Aristotle the immovable mover. Later it will be called God. From the earliest ideas of antiquity until the 19th century, motion was regarded as a ‘displacement’.
According to this understanding, objects move each other by impact, like billiard balls. After the first flick, this game of pool went on. The scientist of this understanding, which started with Greek atomism and found its highest philosophical maturity in Cartesianism, is Newton. This understanding of motion is a mechanical understanding of motion and it has been very useful for metaphysics. For in this movement of displacement, the displaced itself does not change. There is no development, everything remains as it was created.
However, mechanical motion is only one of the infinite varieties of motion. After Hegel, who put forward the universal reality of motion in an idealist sense, the doctrine of historical and dialectical materialism revealed motion as a form of existence of matter and a unique phenomenon. Einstein also proved that there can be no motion and motionless matter without matter. The materialist dialectical method is the method of understanding and explaining all natural, social and conscious facts and events in their motion. If this is the case, it means understanding these facts and events in their ‘historicity’. Everything has a past, a present and a future; Everything is born, develops and dies. Nothing can be detached from its past and its future and explained only in its present.
The quantitative side of the movement is ‘growth’ and the qualitative side is ‘development’. Everything first multiplies in quantity and then changes in quality by leaps and bounds. Matter means spontaneous motion. Just as there can be no motion without matter, there is no motionless matter. The term motion expresses all the processes of change, from displacement to thought, as the substance itself. Everything in the universe is dynamic and therefore changeable. Everything that is born, develops and dies (there is nothing in the universe that does not follow this process) is in motion. The motion takes place in infinite forms in accordance with the infinite variety of matter. Heat, light, electric waves, biological and physiological processes, chemical processes, nuclear processes, and more infinitely others are all forms of motion, motion will take new forms with matter.