What is Mutual Influence, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Interactional dependency between objects, phenomena and processes. Mutual action is also expressed with the expressions of mutual action and interaction. It is a universal process brought about by dialectical and historical philosophy. “All nature is a system of interdependence of all material beings. Those who are connected to each other influence each other. This interaction is the movement itself. Without interaction, nothing in the universe would exist. The consequential cause of all that exists is mutual influence.”
The reciprocal effect arises from the ceaseless displacement of cause and effect, their substitution. According to the mechanical understanding, the universe consists of the continuous development of a cause-effect chain. However, scientific findings have revealed the falsity of this understanding. The chain of cause and effect is nothing more than a simplistic image in universal cohesion. In fact, the cause-effect chain depends on the act of ‘mutual action’. One thing does not produce another thing, what appears to be a cause and what appears to be an effect constitute each other. The water in the soil evaporates and becomes a cloud, but the cloud also becomes water in the soil by precipitation. The transformation of hydrogen atoms on the sun’s surface generates a very high temperature, but this heat compels the synthesis of helium atoms. In other words, heat, which is the creation of helium atoms, is necessary for its own formation.
Mutual action is also very important in social processes. For example, an increase in demand (demand) requires an increase in production, and an increase in production requires an increase in demand. Therefore, the result is not two separate and opposing phenomena as in the metaphysical understanding, but two closely interdependent and transformable phenomena.
No natural being can exist outside of a totality of ‘mutual influences’ to which it is dependent and which is dependent on it.
Engels says in his Dialectic of Nature: “When we consider matter in motion as a pronoun from the point of view of today’s natural science, the first thing we encounter is ‘interaction’. A set of motion, mechanical motion, heat, light, electricity, magnetism, chemical union and dissociation, transitions in states of matter, organic life; All of this is a crossover if we leave out organic life for the time being. They mutually determine each other, in one place they are the effect, and in another they are the cause, while the sum of all this movement is the same in every variant. Spinoza successfully explained the reciprocal effect by saying that ‘the essence is its own cause’. Mechanical motion can cause heat, electricity, magnetism, light, etc. or vice versa. Thus natural science confirms what Hegel said that mutual influence is the ultimate cause of things. We cannot go further than this knowledge of ‘mutual influence’, because there is nothing else to know behind it” (İbid, Ankara, 1970, trans. Arif Gelen, p. 281,282)
As can be understood from Engels’ phrase, Hegel, who intellectually and logically revealed the falsity of the mechanistic understanding of causality, saw the ‘mutual effect’ as a ‘target cause’, which was a completely metaphysical and idealistic fallacy. Engels, in the above passage, says, “If we know the motion forms of matter, we know the matter itself, and our knowledge on this subject is complete.” In the same passage, he explains why metaphysics is wrong: “To understand individual events, we have to separate them from their general relations, and deal with them in isolation. That’s when these changing movements appear, one as a cause and the other as a result.” “People change their mode of production by acquiring new productive forces, and in changing their mode of production they also change themselves and all their social relations”.
The causal link is of great importance from theoretical and practical perspectives. However, the causal link is only a small part of the universal commitment. There are countless forms of mutual influence in nature. As matter evolves and enters higher forms, new forms of motion, that is, interaction, appear. Since this process is infinite and unlimited, then the interaction units are also infinite and unlimited. Universal devotion is the result of mutual influences.