What is Mysticism and What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Mysticism or Mysticism is a religious worldview based on the existence and association of supernatural forces. The term Mysticism or Mysticism was actually proposed to refer to Western mysticism. Sufism peculiar to Islam, and apart from that, Eastern and Western internalism have very different features that do not fall within the scope of the term mysticism, although they are mystical in nature.
Mysticism’s separation of public religions is also that it seeks to achieve the religious purpose through mystical methods that contrast with religious methods. The basis of mysticism is the mystical religions of Antiquity, such as Confucianism and Taoism in China, Brahmaism in India, Hermetism in Egypt, Orpheanism and Pythagoreanism in Greece. These religions were closed to the public and their ceremonies were held in secret. The supposed mysteries, out of reach of ordinary people, had to be hidden.
The famous Turkish mystic Sheikh Bedrettin (1337-1420) also says the following on this subject:
Every information is right at its own stage. If the truth is told to the public right from the start, they either go astray (p. 140), or they blame the truth teller. People and right (truth) can be accustomed to each other in an average way and with separate consideration. But I guess the people should be accustomed to the truth and the truth.
Mystics oppose not only the sensuous but also the rational. The Christian mystic Hugues de Blankenburg (called Huges de Saint-Victor because he was the priest of Saint Victor in Paris; 1096-1141) states:
“God cannot be grasped by the human mind, and that is why God is real…”
A dry dogmatic belief is not enough for an intelligent person.
The Christian mystic Jansenist and famous mathematician Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) also states:
“Intuition solves what mathematics cannot solve. Where the border of the land of the mind ends, the land of the heart begins. Beyond the knowledge that comes from the mind, there is information from intuition, and it is this information that is important…”
Man cannot perceive God with his senses and cannot grasp it with his intellect, but he perceives him with the great love (Love) he feels for Him. Mysterious cult is an inner cult, not an outer cult. Islamic mystics expressed this as follows: “God is reached not through worship, but through love”. This is not a mind connection, but a heart connection. This heart connection was found in the Eleusinian mysticism of antiquity by Yu. Ecstasis (the highest human state that occurs with the disappearance of consciousness) and Yu. It is expressed in terms of Enthousiasmos (God entering man). In this case any kind of Os. Rusum and kuyûd (ceremonies and rules) disappear.
In the teachings of mysticism, which gradually achieves ascension and approaching the truth, the highest degree usually provides for getting rid of all rules, prohibitions, ceremonies, obligations.
A mystical theology and a mystical philosophy were developed in the Middle Ages. Mystical theology is a kind of ethical asceticism.
Mystical elements such as enthusiasm, ecstasy (ecstasy N.), reaching God and union with God entered philosophy with Pythagoras, a reformer of Bacchus religion and Orpheanism, and later shaped by Platonism and Neoplatonism.