What Is Nature, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
All that exists spontaneously outside of consciousness.
It expresses the primordial and eternal unity that surrounds the human being. It was expressed as ‘physis’ in ancient Greek philosophy. Science and philosophy began with observing and reflecting on it. Everything in the universe, including the conscious human being, is his product and was formed from it. For example, an apple is not the product of the apple tree, but the product of a whole nature in its evolutionary development. Nature, which is in constant motion and therefore in constant change, appears in endless forms. It is inherently structured. The main problem of philosophy began with whether to consider it independent of human consciousness. The materialist understanding asserts that nature exists independently of human consciousness.
Reflective understanding, on the other hand, considers it the product of the consciousness it expresses with various idioms. All the teachings of the field of philosophy basically depend on one of these two understandings. The philosophical war that has been going on for centuries is between these two understandings. All people, except thinkers, are inherently materialists. As one dialectician puts it, “every person who has not left the asylum or the school of idealistic thinkers knows that the world exists outside his own self.” This natural understanding reached its most perfect philosophical form in dialectical materialism.
Even primitive people, in their fabled designs, stated that nature existed not before humans, but also before gods. All of the god designs in various mythologies are personified parts of nature. For example, in Scandinavian beliefs, icy mists and hot vapors mix together and the gods are formed from this mixture, which means that nature (icy mists and hot vapors existed before the gods. Some thinkers, who lose themselves in stray dreams detached from the control of nature, cannot be as realistic as primitive people who design fairy tales. ‘Nature’. The idiom is used in the sense of ‘characteristics that have existed since the birth of man’, as in the idiom ‘human nature’.