What Is Negation, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Don’t expose the negativity. In dialectical logic, it is the opposite of affirmation (Thesis, Thesis) and is synonymous with the idiom of antithesis (Negation of Antithesis). It is the negative side of a thought or being that prevents it from being identified with itself and attracts it to be different from itself, and this effect of it is called negation. Thought and existence affirm itself with its positive side, while it also negates itself with its negative side. It is the developing contradiction of every thought and being. Negation, which is also expressed by some of our writers with expressions such as negation, negation, negation, and denial, together with its corresponding affirmation, are the concepts put forward by the German thinker Hegel in his idealist dialectic. Hegel was investigating the logical nature of evolution.
Therefore, he used all these concepts in the field of thought. According to him, negation is the destruction of a concept by its opposite. But this destruction is not complete elimination, it is taking the positive aspects of the destroyed and destroying only the negative aspects. Hegel says: “The only law that makes progress in knowledge is this law of logic. According to this law of logic, negative is also positive. Negation, being a certain negation, also carries a certain content. This is a new insight, a new concept. a higher, richer concept. Because while negating its opposite, it contained it, enriched it, now carries both itself and its opposite. This is how the system of concepts is formed and develops in an uninterrupted flow, independent of any external influence” (Hegelian Logic, Book 1, Introduction)
While establishing the doctrine of dialectical and historical materialism, Marx and Engels left this idealist logical understanding of Hegel aside and used the term negation to mean the necessary replacement of an old quality with a new one created by it, in the course of evolution. A master says that “unless old forms of existence are negated, there is no improvement in any field.” The negation of an old quality by a new one in the evolutionary process is the natural and necessary consequence of the ‘law of unity and struggle of opposites’. The universe is infinite, but the objects that make it up are finite in time and space and are therefore subject to negation. That is why every negation is negated and the evolution of the infinite universe is also infinite. In this eternity, no object or event is permanent, it comes and goes, it is born and dead. That is why each new is negated by the newer and necessarily leaves its place to it. This universal law put forward and explained by dialectical and historical materialist doctrine is also called the negation of negation.