What is New Tomaism, New Thomism?July 2, 2021
New Tomaism or New Thomism is the official doctrine of the Catholic church that is trying to be modernized. The New Thomism is also called the New Scholastic. New Thomism is a movement that attempts to reconcile the teaching of Thomas Aquinas (See: What is Thomism?) with contemporary scientific data.
WHAT IS THE NEW TOMACISM or NEW THOMISM?
Pope XIII in 1879. Proclaimed by Leon as the only philosophy suitable for Christianity and following thinkers such as Jaques Maritain (1882) and Etienne Henri Gilson (1884), Neo Tomaism claims to defend objective reality within its metaphysical structure.
According to the New Tomaci, there is objective reality; because all objects outside the human consciousness were also created by God. God has given man an intellect so that he can know and recognize this objective reality. Man, of course, will know and recognize this objective reality outside his consciousness with the help of his mind. New Tomaists accuse existentialists of irrationalism and defend human reason against existentialists.
New Tomaists accuse existentialists of irrationalism and defend human reason against existentialists.
In this respect, for example, the discussion of a Godless existentialist and a Theological New Tomac is very entertaining. However, this rationalism of the New Tomaists is a metaphysical rationalism; because they find scientific development contrary to religious dogmas irrational. According to New Tomaism, nature consists of the realization of divine thought and history the divine purpose.
For example, the New Tomaist British historian Toynbee argues that “History is ruled by the mysterious hand of God” and that “only the institution of religion can bring true salvation and happiness”. According to Toynbee, “history is predetermined by God” and is “supernatural”.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE NEW THOMISM
According to the New Tomaci, truth is reached in three ways:
But this has one condition: Science is to metaphysical philosophy; metaphysical philosophy cannot be against religion either.
According to the New Thomism, science can only analyze daily realities, and the absolute and supreme truth can be reached only through belief. The purpose of science should be to find evidence to strengthen belief. The New Thomism, by its very nature and necessity, puts “pray instead of protest against all kinds of injustice” in its customs.
According to the New Tomaism, a person should think about the next world, not this world, bow down to whatever happens to him in his temporary sojourn and dream of eternal life.
Founded in 1889 at the University of Louvain, Belgium, the Institute of Philosophy and the Revue NeoScolastique, directed by professors such as D. Mercier and De Wulf, is the headquarters of Neotomaism. He combined the teaching of Thomas Aquino with the idealism of Kant, Schelling and Hegel with an eclectic approach.
By seeming to criticize capitalism as well as communitarianism, he puts forward an example of a religious society and underhandedly supports capitalism. Neothomaism, which identifies philosophy and theology, is tried to be sustained with religious-socio-economic circulars published by popes on various occasions. Being the religious defender of capitalism and imperialism, Neomatism regards private ownership of the means of production as a natural right and asserts the inviolability of this right commanded by God. However, in order to hide his defense, he also clings to sociology and proposes a third social order utopia based on church domination, which he says is much more legal than capitalist and collectivism, and occasionally criticizes capitalism.
For example, he argues that the concentration of economic and political power in the hands of monopolies is not correct, he says that the greed for making money leads to ethical collapses, and advises the poor to be treated more compassionately and generously. However, he does not mention the human brotherhood and equality that Jesus himself asserted, ignoring the dogma of the virtue of poverty. As a famous dialectician said, “If Jesus were resurrected, he would never hesitate to condemn him for these absurd thoughts”. Distorting (falsifying), perverting and trying to adapt contemporary scientific theories is the basic character of Neotomaism. Its main representatives are Gilson, Maritain, Raekmeker, Lotze de Fries, G. Wetter, Bochenski, Catherin, Brugger, Dampf, Conrad-Martius, Geyser, Manser, Nell-Breuning, Sertillanges, J. de Vries, Marchchal, Meyer, Welty etc. are.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım