What Is Objectivism, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Objectivism, which started with Kant, is to assume the ‘object’ outside and independent of the human mind, neutrality. Later, all teachings dealing with the immateriality of man and the personal (N. that is not different from people) were considered objectivist. For example, the understanding of ethics, which considers morality as an independent entity apart from people’s behaviors, consciences, and value judgments, was called objectivism (objective moralism N.).
Gradually, this meaning was transformed into an unscientific understanding of impartiality with metaphysical positivist influences. The term ‘objective’, which expresses independence from human beings, was given a superhuman metaphysical place. This understanding, which especially contemporary bourgeois philosophy tries to benefit from for its political purposes, proposes to consider external reality as it is, without resorting to any evaluation. According to this understanding, science should be unbiased; For example, social changes should not be evaluated in terms of class. Physics should remain in its own field and should not be considered from the side of philosophy. This understanding of metaphysical objectivism, aside from its deliberate use, actually conforms to the basic principles of the metaphysical method of thinking. According to the metaphysical method, which reduces abstract logic to concrete reality, for example, literature is literature, and politics is politics (the identity principle of Aristotelian logic), and no relation can be established between these two. This unscientific metaphysical understanding, which cannot see the universal connection and dependency, has been refuted in every respect by scientific dialectical materialism. As in nature, impartiality is not possible in human knowledge.
Science has developed through criticism and evaluation. For example, if he did not interpret scientific data from the materialistic side, dialectical materialism could not have occurred. All ideologies in class societies necessarily reflect the interests of certain classes. Moreover, scientificity and impartiality are not contradictory to each other, on the contrary, they are interdependent concepts; They condition and enforce each other. Objectivism is an unscientific and idealistic attitude, like subjectivism, which either completely denies or distorts objective truth and leads to one-sided judgments.