What is Organism and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Organism is the doctrine that regards life as the result of organization. It is the opposite of animism and vitalism movements. Organism denies the influence of spirit or any vital principle in the realization of life. According to the understanding of organism, life consists of the organs themselves, not any other force that moves the organs. The idealist sociological theory, which likens the society to a living organism and therefore argues that the biological laws are valid in the society as well as in the living organism, is also called by this name.
This idealist view, especially put forward by the French sociologist Durkheim, has been different from the sociological understanding of sociologists such as Spencer, Worms, and Schaeffle, which is known by some writers as biologists. According to this understanding, organism, unlike biologists, considers the part-whole relationship in societies, just as it does between the body and its organs, and seeks differentiation in body organs in societies as well. This understanding has also been translated as “organismism” in some translations.
In the field of philosophy, the doctrine of Orgencilik, XVIII. It was adopted by the Parisian faculty in the 19th century and was particularly opposed to vitalism. The neorealistic Whitehead’s doctrine of nature is also called the philosophy of organism. According to Whitehead, nature is an organism and therefore evolutionary. Nature, in its entirety, is a process of creative progress and events. All these arguments, as can be easily understood, are unscientific.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım