What is Paradox, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Thought put forward against ingrained beliefs. A proposition that appears to be self-contradictory and that can be logically proven to be both true and false. The phrase paradox in the Ancient Greeks expressed a contrary thought and was especially exemplified in the aporia (conclusion) and antinomia (contradiction) of Parmenides and Zeno. Formal logic, which is the basis of the metaphysical thought system, and its contemporary series theories define this anomaly as a logical contradiction. In addition, contemporary physicists with a metaphysical structure also pose some cosmological paradoxes. According to the mathematical logician Bertrand Russell, “a barber who shaves those who do not shave himself shaves himself” is a very important logical paradox.
However, a barber who knows how to shave shaves those who cannot shave by himself, as well as those who can shave themselves. For example, “something being itself and being something else at the same time” is a great contradiction in terms of formal logic and a simple fact in terms of dialectical logic. Cosmological paradoxes like this result from applying the laws of physics valid in one environment to other environments. There is a misconception or a lack of knowledge, often a dialectical lack of knowledge, whether logical or physical. Simple diversionary tricks, like the famous Achilles Proof, are completely unscientific.