What is Perception, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
PERCEPTION: (Os. Cognition, Consciousness, Teferrus, Fr. Perception, Al. Perception, Wahrnehmung, Empfindung, Erfassung, English Perception, It. Percepzione) Perception is the transfer of the objective world to subjective consciousness through the senses. It also means the ability to obtain information about entities or events outside of us by completing and interpreting the sensations provided by the senses with images and previously acquired memories.
This form of our understanding of sense data as meaning is called external perception. This perception gives us information about the external reality. This is what is generally and commonly understood today when it comes to perception. The subject’s understanding of what is happening in himself and the situations that arise through consciousness and acquiring knowledge of these is called inner perception.
1. Etymology: The term perception is derived from the root word in our language, as in Western languages. The term perception in Western languages comes from the root of the Indo-European language group, cap, which means to receive, and it was first translated into Latin with the word capere with the same meaning.
2. Philosophy: Perception is the design of the image of the external world that comes through the senses, realized in consciousness. Objects affect the sense organs. This effect is transferred to consciousness. However, perception differs from pure sensations in that it requires a mental function. For example, our sense of sight brings up images of two trees appearing in both our eyes and in various planes. These two tree images unite with a mental function. Tree perception is realized after the necessary ones from the original perceptions accumulated in the memory are added to this unified image through association. In particular, the senses of sight, hearing and touch carry perceptual tools to the consciousness of man for the construction of concepts and thoughts. In the historical process, sensationalists have regarded the process of perception as a product of only the senses with an extreme argument, and rationalists have regarded the process of perception as a product of reason with another argument. However, perception is a sensory-mental function. According to the German philosopher Leibniz, perception is an unconscious function. Perception, in its true sense, means that the subject receives what is outside of himself. However, with regard to spiritual acts, psychologists speak of inner perception as opposed to outer perception. The term perception is used in philosophy in three senses: Perception power, perception function, perception phenomenon.
3. Psychology: In psychology, the area of perception (Fr. Champ de perception) of the whole environment in which a subject can show distinguishable reactions for a certain period of time, the duration of perception in the brain (Fr. Temps de perception), the structure consisting of the relations between the parts of perception (Fr. Champ de perception) Structure perceptionelle), perceptual unity (Fr. Unite perceptionelle) in the perception of various objects as a whole or without separating them into the characteristics of an object, integrating and giving meaning to the perceptual tools that come with the senses (Eng. Perceptualisation), perceptual deafness (Eng. Perception deafness), perceptual learning is called perceptual learning (Eng. Perceptual learning), the tendency to perceive in accordance with a certain example is called perceptual fiction (Ing. Perceptual set). See. Sense, Sensation, Consciousness, Perception, Perceptible, Perceptible, Perceptual, Perception Opposition, Perception Light.