What is Personalism, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Personalism or Personalism is an idealistic and religious movement that propagates the human personality as the highest and most true value in the universal structure. The term Personalism, which is also expressed with the idioms of personality and personalism and used in Turkish spelling in some of our dictionaries, was first used by the American thinker Brenson Alcot in 1863. Later, this idiom was also used by the French philosopher Renouvier in 1901.
Personalism, which names a religious and idealist understanding that exalts the individual human being as the highest universal value, also names the tendency to believe in a personal god, the moral and historical philosophy understandings that explain the vital and historical development with the formation of the personality, and the idealist teachings that claim that mutual personality relations determine the human being.
The term was especially coined by the German thinker Teichmüller in 1889 to express the teachings personifying the god. P. B. Bowne (1847-1910) is the founder of the understanding that exalts the person as the highest value and makes him dependent on God. He was followed by R. T. Flewelling, E. S. Brightman, G. W. Howison, M. W. Calkins, A. K. Knudson.
Renouvier gave this name to his works published in 1902, Mounier in 1946 and 1950. All three doctrines regard the human personality as the highest value in its universal aspect and seek to demonstrate personal freedom. According to Renouvier, human personality is superior to any value other than this personality. Personalities are individual values that cannot be reduced to each other and are radically separate from each other. What personalities have in common is only their powers of perception and appetite. If so, it proves the existence of God.
Personality is a system of order of self-fulfilling acts. Personality is superior to all forms of existence in the universe. So the person is not part of the universe. This solitude of the person necessitates the thought of God. Geist has to find a shelter in his loneliness by making himself superior to all beings. God consciousness, then, is the self-realization of the personality.
As can be seen, all three personalist doctrines necessarily arrive at subjective idealism, as they set off from a false foundation. All three Teachings think that objective truth destroys human value and tries to get rid of objective truth. Spiritual incarnation etc. in Europe and America. This current, which led to the establishment of idealistic associations such as , regards society as the sum of individual personalities and replaces the changing of the world with the change of the person.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım