What is Pessimism (Pessimism) and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Pessimism, or pessimism in Turkish, is a philosophy doctrine that asserts that everything is bad, even as bad as possible, or that the sum of evils outweighs the sum of goodness.
Pessimism is the opposite of optimism, which means optimism with the meaning of pessimism. Thus, pessimism is a bad world-portrait that cannot be corrected in its worldview and approach. Pessimistic people always converge on a bad ending.
Within the framework of pessimism, personal pessimism is nothing but the expression of a temperament or a character (msl. Lord Byron, Leopardi, Madame Aekermann, etc.). Again, within the framework of pessimism, systematic pessimism is put forward as a thought-based view about nature and life. When a pessimist asks, “Is the glass half empty or half full?” His answer to the question will be that half of it is empty. Pessimism has been influential in many fundamental areas of thought throughout history.
In “The World as Will and Representation,” Arthur Schopenhauer causalized a radical metaphysical pessimism. His basic sentence “all life is suffering” (Alles Leben ist Leiden) or his “effort” (streben) as the explanation of all life in one word are just a few examples of how the philosopher is one of the most important pessimists in the world.
Especially in the 20th century world of thought, pessimism manifests itself to a great extent. By reconsidering the teachings of Buddhism, Schopenhauer proceeds from an analysis of human nature: to be means to act; To act is to make an effort, will is the principle, essence and basis of everything.
Everything in nature is will, so everything suffers. From his teaching, Schopenhauer arrives at the universal morality of mercy. Hartmann substitutes the unconscious for the will and says that the unconscious directs us according to its own purposes, which are contrary to our real interests. The sum of the sorrows will always outweigh the sum of the nastiness; for pain is not a temporary accident; It comes from the essence of being and can only disappear with being.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım