What is Philosophical Knowledge?June 26, 2021
Specifying philosophical knowledge is more difficult than others. It is even possible to say that the most important problem of philosophy is the problem of what philosophy itself is.
While trying to understand philosophical knowledge or philosophy, the right thing to do would be to look at the work done by people called philosophers throughout history. From such a point of view, it is seen that philosophers have produced different concrete philosophies for different purposes and different functions in different times, in different cultures.
However, it is observed that there are some common features in the work of people who lived in these different times and produced different philosophies for different purposes.
Kant defined philosophy as “a form of mental activity that purports to justify or justify itself for reasons based on reason”. In our opinion, this attitude reveals a point that makes philosophy a philosophy and is common to all examples of philosophical thinking. Here, it is necessary to understand a wide group of reasons that include all kinds of experiences, observations, all kinds of reasoning and intuitions based on these, from “reasonable reasons”. From the claim of “justifying or justifying”, it is necessary to understand “to present any proposition with evidence, grounds or facts that make it possible to put forward this proposition”.
Source: Prof. Dr. Ahmet Arslan – Introduction to Philosophy Book