What is Philosophical Text, How to Write Philosophical Text?December 21, 2019
Any expression is embodied in writing in a certain order, called text . The philosophical text is formed according to the philosopher’s opinion about a problem.
The philosopher knits his text step by step with his questioning and reasoning. The philosophical text consists of many constituent elements. Problem, concept, claim, counter-claim, justification, explanation and criticism are the prominent ones. The elements of the philosophical text are expected to exhibit a coherent structure in itself.
Philosophical text analysis is generally the process of decomposing the elements that make up the text and revealing the relations between them. The way and method of analysis should be clearly stated during the analysis. However, which of them cannot be limited, different or new ways are possible.
In philosophical text analysis, first of all, the main problem of the text and the basic views of the philosopher about this problem are determined and the terms used for these problems are separated. It is examined whether the propositions, arguments and reasoning forms used in forming the opinion are consistent. Another way of analyzing the philosophical text is the linguistic analysis of the text. First, attention is paid to whether the concepts and expressions are semantically correct and whether they are connected correctly.
The main purpose of text analysis is to understand and interpret the text correctly. Understanding the ideas in a text is mostly about the reader, independent of the author. Because sometimes it is possible to understand the ideas in the text in a different way, not as the author wants to explain. The text should clarify the main views of the text from different perspectives and comparative readings, meaning the text should be enriched in meaning.
The philosophical text constitutes a holistic structure. The elements that make up the text cannot be considered healthy without considering the entire text. A text can contain more than one idea. Although the text contains many ideas, it actually aims to make a single claim. All other ideas are in fact to support this fundamental claim. The personal characteristics of the philosopher, the place of residence and the conditions of the period are included in the context analysis. In more detailed text analysis, attention is also paid to context analysis.
Suggestions for Philosophical Text Analysis
- The philosophical text is read with attention to concepts and problems.
- The philosophical text contains basic views.
- The main components that support the main idea of the philosophical text are determined with their meanings.
- Semantic control of expressions is made by examining the philosophical text from the linguistic perspective.
- The inferences in the philosophical text are examined logically. Their consistency with the principles of reason and logic is checked.
- The persuasiveness and robustness of the basic view is demonstrated.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and Giriş Introduction to Sociology ”Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM), MEB Philosophy Textbook, Open Education Textbook