What is Philosophy, What is the Meaning of Philosophy?June 26, 2021
“What is philosophy?” The question is perhaps one of the most popular questions in history. Naturally, “What is philosophy?” This question has been answered by many different philosophers with different definitions throughout history. In order to know and understand philosophy, it is necessary to take a comprehensive look at these definitions.
Philosophy, etymologically, is a word consisting of the combination of the Greek word “phileo” meaning “I love”, “I am going after”, “seeking” and the word “sophia” meaning “knowledge” and “wisdom” and the meaning of philosophy in this context is “love of wisdom”. ” or “love of knowledge”.
In other words, to value wisdom and knowledge as a word, to care about them and even to see them as the most valuable things; it means to seek knowledge, to strive to reach wisdom, to constantly pursue knowledge.
“What is philosophy?” It is quite difficult to give a short answer to the question; because there is no single definition of philosophy.
Of course, we can say a lot about what philosophy is and isn’t; but according to some thinkers, the definition of philosophy cannot be made; because philosophy is a metalanguage (Sonmez, 2006, p.66).
Philosophia means “Love of Wisdom”.
WHY CAN’T DEFINITION OF PHILOSOPHY?
The reasons for the difficulty in defining philosophy can be summarized in three different degrees:
There are different disciplines of philosophy. For example, there are many different philosophical disciplines and fields such as metaphysics, moral philosophy and epistemology. Therefore, it becomes difficult to make a single-sided definition of philosophy, which has such a wide network.
It is the existence of different tendencies, theories and teachings in each branch of philosophy. For example, there are different philosophical approaches such as realism, idealism, pragmatism and rationalism. For each of these approaches, philosophy has a separate function and meaning. This situation makes it difficult to make a certain definition of philosophy.
It is the opposition of philosophical teachings developed in the historical process with each other and the complex abstractness of the study area of these teachings (Yıldırım, 1991, p.10). Finding different definitions of each philosophy understanding, theory and approach makes it difficult to define philosophy.
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
Philosophy is an unfamiliar pursuit, but many people do not have a detailed idea of what it is. In order to understand philosophy, it is useful to first look at the meaning of the word that we discussed at the beginning of the text.
Philosophy is derived from the Greek words philosophia, which means love of wisdom (friend of wisdom), love (philia) and wisdom (sophia).
The term philosophy (philosophia) was used for the first time by the famous Greek mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras (Pythagoras), (580-500 BC). Accordingly, philosophy literally means the love of wisdom or the pursuit of wisdom.
Wisdom, on the other hand, is the emergence of complete and complete knowledge on existence, knowledge and value, or the state of a person’s maturity to have such knowledge.
In general, philosophy is “knowing what you don’t know” and “knowing yourself”, as Socrates said. It is the science of principles or first causes, as Aristotle said, an operational system designed to ensure a happy life. As Plato said, it is the intellectual work towards finding the truth; In other words, it is trying to reach the facts and truths with the mind and thinking. The main subject of philosophy is the universe and life.
Philosophy, according to Augustine, is ‘knowing God, true philosophy and true religion are identical. According to Tertullian, to philosophize is to explain ‘dogma’. According to Anselmus, it is “trying to understand what is believed”.
For the scholastics, philosophy is the demonstration of the conformity between reason and dogma. For Thomas Aquinas, the subject of philosophy is God, philosophy is the demonstration of God. According to Scottus Eriugena, philosophy is the ‘science of belief’, and according to Hegel, philosophy is conceptually capturing what religion presents as a product of imagination.
Philosophy, as Abelardus said, is to find out whether what is believed is worth believing. As Epicurus said, knowing that everything has a natural cause, acquiring the right knowledge and taking the right action, and avoiding unnatural thoughts, fairy tales, fantasies, which make people unhappy for nothing by causing uneasiness and disrupt the state of atarxia, which is the greatest happiness, is a natural world view. is to acquire.
Philosophy, as Hegel said, is to explain the universe. Philosophy, as Giordano Bruno said, is knowing nature. As Francis Bacon said, philosophy is thinking on scientific data based on experimentation and observation. As Auguste Comte said, philosophy is a science that unites all sciences, a science of sciences.
As Ludwig Feuerbach said, philosophy must always be connected with the natural sciences, and the natural sciences with philosophy. As dialectical materialism (Dialectical Materialism) says, Philosophy is the science that determines the general laws of all development.
Philosophy, I seek the way of knowledge