What Is Possibility and Reality, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Dialectal categories of possibility and reality reflecting the stages in the development of objects and events. Possibility and reality are interdependent, objective categories of development. One cannot exist without the other, and one can become the other. These categories reflect the necessary stages of development of objects and events according to the objective laws of development. Metaphysical thought, as opposed to each other (according to metaphysics, there is one if the other does not exist), considers each of them absolutely (does not distinguish between positive and negative, formal and real possibilities. Let alone distinguishing them, it is unaware of their existence and profound difference).
It is dialectical materialist philosophy that grasps the interdependence of these categories and reveals their true meaning. Possibility is the premises that make up reality; reality is the possibility created by those premises. In other words, possibility is that which has all the necessary conditions for its realization; reality is that which is created by the natural necessity of these conditions. Thus, possibility expresses the existence of all the conditions necessary for a phenomenon to occur, or at least the absence of all necessary conditions for its non-realization, whereas reality expresses the phenomenon brought about by the presence of the conditions that create that phenomenon or the absence of conditions that prevent it. In a way, the categories of possibility and reality are a variant of another two-sided category, cause and effect categories, to which dialectical materialist philosophy creates dependencies. (However, these two categories of categories should not be confused with each other, there are deep differences in meaning between the two categories). For example, the accumulation of rain clouds in the sky, that is, the preparation of the objective conditions for rain, makes it possible to rain. However, the rain may not fall, in other words, possibility may not turn into reality.
Here, too, it is necessary to consider the relationship of another dual category group, the categories of necessity and chance, in which dialectical materialist philosophy reveals its dependencies and real meanings, with the categories of possibility and reality. The rain clouds have reached the required accumulation, but a wind that comes out by chance (which is a necessity with its own internal development conditions) disperses those rain clouds and it does not rain, in other words, possibility does not turn into reality. Dialectical materialist philosophy distinguishes here by deep analysis two forms of possibility: abstract and formal possibility and concrete and real possibility. Abstract and formal possibility, the possibility arising from the absence of conditions that prevent the formation of a reality; concrete and real possibility is the possibility arising from the existence of conditions that inevitably prepare the formation of a reality. In other words, there are ‘probability’ differences between these two types of possibilities. For example, the collision of a planet with another planet in space is an abstract and formal possibility, that is, it carries a very small probability. Why is that? Because there are no conditions that prevent a planet from colliding with another planet (?N.) and there are no conditions that make it necessary. If these necessary conditions were present, this abstract and formal possibility would be a concrete and real possibility.
On the other hand, as a result of the development of feudalism, capitalism is a concrete and real possibility, for which the conditions for its inevitable realization are prepared, because just as the absence of conditions that prevent it is real, the existence of conditions that will make it happen is also a fact. Only a coincidence can change and eliminate necessity in nature. In society, another and very important factor also plays a role in this process, this factor is consciousness. That is, it is necessary to distinguish this fact, which emerged with another deep analysis of dialectical materialist philosophy, the truth of the ‘natural’ and the ‘social’. The transformation of possibility into reality in nature happens spontaneously, that is, unconsciously. In society, in order for the possibility to turn into reality, subjective factors must be added to the objective factors, in other words, the conscious and purposeful contribution of the human being is required.
Here, the close relationship between the objective and subjective categories of another dual category group, which dialectic philosophy reveals its dependencies and real meanings, with the categories of possibility and reality should be taken into consideration. It should never be forgotten that what can and cannot happen in general is determined not by human consciousness, but rather by objective laws, conditions and causes (and coincidences N.) independent of human consciousness. In society, as in nature, the main determining factor is objective and independent of human consciousness. However, in society, unlike in nature, this basic determining objective factor is not sufficient to transform possibility into reality. The subjective factor, that is, human consciousness and effort must also be involved (it is also impossible not to participate in human consciousness and effort, it is necessary, sooner or later human consciousness and effort get involved and therefore development is necessary. it happens spontaneously. N.). B