What is Psychological Hedonism (Psychological Hedonism)?June 27, 2021
Psychological Hedonism (Psychological Hedonism); It is a philosophical discipline in which the trilogy of Pleasure, Pain and Value is processed.
Bentham’s “Principles” can be divided into three parts:
Their views on what motives motivate human beings;
Description of usefulness or usefulness;
The understanding of the calculation (calculus) of happiness.
Bentham concluded that pleasure and pain are the only triggers and absolutes in the world. So it opens its Principles like this:
“Nature has placed man under the command of two sovereign masters: pain and pleasure. They are the only ones who show what we must do and at the same time determine what we will do. The standard of right and wrong on the one hand, and the chain of causes and effects on the other, all depend on their reign. they rule us in everything we do, say, and think: this bond, every effort we make to break free from this subordination will only prove this fact. will remain subject to the empire.”
This is how Bentham explains his views on what motivates human beings. As seen with earlier psychological hedonists (hedonists) such as Epicurus, Bentham claimed that man is under the spell of twin “sovereign masters,” namely pleasure and pain. People will gravitate towards objects and actions they find pleasurable, pleasurable, or pleasurable, and will avoid those they find painful. However, there is also the possibility of reform. For example, if the person finds studying and reading painful, he will need to change his behavior and attitude so that he can enjoy it, reform it. Who knows, maybe the reward of learning new things or the satisfaction of getting an A in the exam will lead the person to find learning enjoyable.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook; “Understanding Philosophy in All Its Aspects” by Kenneth Shouler