What is Psychological Sociology?July 2, 2021
The idealist understanding of sociology, which tries to explain social events with psychological factors. For example, Herbert Spencer says: “The division of labor among people is the result of spiritual and biological differences. Talented people stand out from other ordinary people and rise to the top of the social ladder and become the brains of the social organization and take over the power wheel.” Spencer, with a platonic attitude, sees three classes in every society. One of them is the underclass, which will feed both itself and others. The second is the middle class, which will see exchange and distribution services. The third is the upper class, who will organize and govern. As can be seen, Spencer is not even aware that the social division of labor arises from the social division of labour.
Hans Büchner, one of the psychological sociologists who set off on this basis, argues in his book The Effect of Love on Societies that society arises from the sexual love of men for men. According to him, man’s love for woman can only form small units such as family, this is not enough for the establishment of a whole society, man’s love for man is necessary. Büchner’s work is full of unbelievable nonsense. These arguments of Büchner, however, are the result of the well-known Dr. It is based on the following argument put forward by Freud in his book Cluster Psychology: “Man’s love for man can be more easily matched with coterie solidarity”.
According to McDougall, “sexual instinct is the strongest of instincts and is the only factor of social development.” According to William Thomas, all social events can be explained by the organic differences between the sexes, it is sexual attraction that creates society; art, religion, law, etc. consists of various expressions of sexual attraction.