What is Pythagoras’ Regime Model and What Does It Mean?June 27, 2021
In Pythagoras Croton, through initiative education, he aimed to implement the “model of government in which the ruling class consists of sages (initiates) elected by ‘appointment according to merit’.
According to some, Pythagoras was the only person in the world (or within 6,000 years) who was able to put into practice this regime of government, which Plato would later talk about in his work “The State”. This regime of government is explained as follows: Managers should be elected by appointment, not by votes of citizens.
Persons to be included in the hierarchy of managers should be determined by the managers on the basis of their merits.
All boys and girls should be raised and educated by the state in order to ensure equality of opportunity on the way to management.
In this education, exams should be held at certain stages and those who are not successful in the exams should be shifted to the fields of economic study, and esoteric doctrine lessons should be given to the successful ones.
Those who prove that they have learned the theoretical principles in esoteric learning should undergo a training consisting of practical experience.
Among those who have passed this training, those who have been able to apply what they have learned from the books to the real world and to life, and have demonstrated that their primary concern is public welfare, may be elected to the “managerial guardian class”.
For members of this class not to be attractive, members of this class must have no land, private houses, no gold, but only a modest, fixed salary. In addition, since these people may have various drawbacks, they should not marry.
Compilation: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım
Source: History of Philosophy; prof. Macit Gokberk; Remzi Bookstore; The Story of Philosophy; Bryan Magee; Friendly Bookstore