What Is Qualitative Contradiction, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Contradiction arising from qualitative opposition between internal oppositions. It is a very important term that distinguishes dialectical materialist contradiction from Hegelian contradiction, and especially in the law of the unity and struggle of opposites, it reveals the mechanical interpretation of contradiction and prevents great errors. Not every contradiction realizes the unity and struggle of the opposites, it is the qualitative contradiction arising from the qualitative opposition between the internal oppositions that realize the unity and struggle of the opposites. If this very important information is not taken into account, the dependence between the opposites takes on a mechanical dynamic and constantly oscillates between two opposites like the dance of a clock. For example, after capitalism turns into socialism, collectivism turns into capitalism again.
Likewise, war turns into peace, and peace turns into war again, which means that war will continue indefinitely and humanity will not be able to get rid of war. However, capitalism turns into socialism, but socialism does not turn into capitalism again, war turns into peace, but peace does not turn into war again. Because what constitutes their unity and struggle is not their abstract conceptual oppositions, but their internal and qualitative oppositions, that is, their qualitative contradictions arising from the qualitative opposition between their internal oppositions.
For example, capitalism turns into sociability not because it is opposed to socialism, but because its internal qualitative contradiction is overcome. Socialism, on the other hand, does not turn into capitalism again, because the internal qualitative contradiction of capitalism that created it has now been overcome and disappeared. To put it more clearly, there is no internal qualitative contradiction of capitalism within socialism, so that it turns it back into capitalism. The internal qualitative contradictions of collectivism do not transform it back into capitalism, on the contrary, it transcends and develops itself. It should never be forgotten that the seemingly contradictory aspects of an event or process do not represent dialectical opposition, and still less have anything to do with internal qualitative contradiction.