What is Rationality, What Does It Mean?June 28, 2021
It is the view that holds that nothing can exist without a cause, and that it is therefore possible to comprehend everything. This meaning of the word in metaphysics leads rationalism to defend a view in epistemology that opposes empiricism.
That all certain knowledge comes from self-evident and necessary pre-experimental principles, and that we can obtain such knowledge only by virtue of these principles in mind; because it appears as an opinion that claims that our senses give temporary and fuzzy information. This view, which opposes empiricists who claim that our knowledge comes only from senses, perceptions and experiences, has been adopted by philosophers such as Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel.
Rationalists have also strongly argued that reason is a reliable and effective tool for obtaining sound information. This is a rationalism that is opposed to irrational philosophies such as mysticism, unseen sciences, and sense philosophy. Then, in acquiring the information. There are also thinkers and movements who adopt the correct view of empiricists, claiming that experience is of great importance, but adopt rationality in this sense because they also trust reason.
For example, Marxism accepts the importance of the experience put forward by empiricism by considering the acquisition of knowledge in terms of the concrete activity of man, that is, praxis, and adopts the rightful share of classical rationalism, which asserts the activity of the subject, and fuses these two views into a higher whole and creates its own theory of knowledge .
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım