What Is Relation, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Kant’s criticism is at the forefront of the classical teachings asserting the dependence of knowledge. According to Kant, every knowledge is a judgment, and every judgment carries a dependency. For example, the concepts of heat, width, and object are not information on their own; however, it is the correlation of these with each other to form a judgment such as “Heat expands objects”, which realizes knowledge.
However, this unification is made by the human mind within the a priori patterns it has. So knowledge is relative to the human mind. The human mind receives the materials of the knowledge it creates in its own patterns from outside through the senses. So, knowledge is limited to sense possibilities and is according to sense possibilities. Color information cannot be realized in a born blind person, and phonetic information cannot be realized in a born deaf person. Knowledge is related to both the mind and the senses.
Metaphysical and idealistic relativism regard knowledge as subjective and deny its objectivity. According to this understanding, knowledge either exists as certain, unchangeable, absolute (dogmatism) or it is different for each person, changes, is not absolute (skepticism), and therefore cannot be known (agnosticism).
Dialectical relativism, which is the complete opposite of this understanding, knows that knowledge is historical and progresses by carrying objective and interrelated truth in each of its historical stages. Knowledge carries relativity and absoluteness together.
Knowledge is relative; because it is constantly evolving, improving and validating. Knowledge is absolute; because every relative knowledge develops, becomes perfect and validates in the direction of absolute knowledge. Relative knowledge is the parts of absolute knowledge that occur a little more every moment in the knowledge process. Thus, relative knowledge necessarily includes absolute knowledge. In every incomplete information lies a part of complete knowledge. So it is clear that in the process of relative knowledge, absolute knowledge also develops and continues. The fact that knowledge is always incomplete, incomplete, inaccurate in some places and very narrow in some places, in a word, in the historical process, does not destroy absolute knowledge. On the contrary, it proves that absolute knowledge exists at all times and in all forms.
Knowledge is neither immutable nor therefore absolute, it develops by reflecting the objective truth piecemeal in evolutionary stages, and all parts of knowledge are interrelated. The term relationalism is synonymous with the terms relationism and relativism.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım