What Is Relative Truth, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Approximate truth containing absolute truth. It is also called relative truth, despite the very important difference in meaning between them. Engels said, “To know infinitely is to end forever.” Truth is infinite and in this respect absolute, so the truth reflected in human knowledge is always approximate and relative. Knowledge, and therefore the truth contained in this knowledge, can never be completed, because it moves towards infinity. This fact, which progresses to infinity, is necessarily relative. However, this relative truth, which moves towards infinity at every moment, has an absolute and objective content.
Our sensations, perceptions, designs and concepts reflect the relative reality that carries this absoluteness with it. We understand that what they reflect is the truth by trying it with practice. Designs and concepts that do not receive a response from practice are not real. Idealism and metaphysics work with these untruth designs and concepts that have been detached from practice and embarked on a wandering adventure in the world of dreams. On the other hand, the distinguishing feature of dialectical materialism is that it always controls the ideas and concepts with practice and keeps them in relation to reality. Our relative informational truths, which receive a response from practice, that is, have a counterpart in nature, mean in the direction of the absolute. If they were not in the direction of the absolute, they would not have received a response from practice.
For example, in physics, the subject of gravity was first explained by Galileo, then by Newton, and then by Einstein. Each of these explanations was relative, as it expanded and progressed with the next. But each also contained its absoluteness, for it had paid off from practice and served people on a large scale. It is in the direction of the absolute informational truth that will work for everything, and it contains and carries it together. Einstein’s explanation is also a relative explanation according to the explanations to be made later. Because, to say “this subject is over and completed with this explanation” would be “to put an end to eternity”, which would be a miracle that only idealism could devise. This inseparable dependence of relative and absolute truth is the essence of dialectical materialism.