What is Revolution, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Qualitative change. It is dependent, in the word evolution, which expresses quantitative change, and without one, the other does not exist, and one turns into the other. The phrase “revolution” in a broad sense expresses the law of transition from quantity to quality, which is one of the three great laws determined by dialectical materialist philosophy.
It is synonymous with the phrase social revolution (Os. İnkılâp, Fr. Revolution sociale), which expresses the quality change in society in a narrow sense. The word revolution, which expresses all kinds of natural, conscious and social quality changes in a broad sense, corresponds to the words of revolution in the sense of transformation and revolution in the sense of forced change in the Ottoman language, like its Western counterparts. For example, in Italian, the French Revolution is called La rivoluzione Francese, and the Turkish revolution is called La rivoluzione Turca (but to distinguish this meaning of the revolution from the expressions of rebellion (Fr. Insurrection) and rebellion (Fr. Revolte), which are expressed in a single word in Ottoman Turkish. must).
Since there is no dialectical knowledge of nature and society in pre-dialectical metaphysics and classical philosophy, the term revolution has been termed in dialectical and historical materialist philosophy. Natural and social life is an evolutionary and revolutionary process in which quantitative changes turn into qualitative changes. Revolution is the necessary result of evolution, it happens by leap. For example, boiled water is water during heating. All of a sudden it starts to boil and jumps into steam quality. Similarly, an opinion in society accumulates over time. As a result of this accumulation, the society changes its quality with a sudden leap. A law student also accumulates knowledge and when this accumulation matures, the law student suddenly changes his qualifications and becomes a lawyer. Qualitative change provides evolution, in other words, quantitative change. The leap takes place at the ripest point of this quantitative change and accumulation.