What is Septicism? Skepticism, SkepticismJune 29, 2021
Septicism is also known as skepticism and skepticism. It is possible to answer the question of what is skepticism as follows: The movement that states that the generally accepted correct knowledge is impossible for people is called skepticism.
Septicism is the philosophical view that advocates the impossibility of certain knowledge.
The leading representatives of this movement are the ancient philosophers Pyrrhon (Piron, 365 – 275 BC), Timon (320-230 BC), Archesilaos (216-241 BC) and Carneades (BC. 214-129).
Skepticism in everyday language
The term skeptic is used in everyday life to describe people who tend to be suspicious of established opinions or distrust people or ideas in general. In this sense, skepticism is a healthy and open-minded tendency to test and scrutinize the opinions held by many.
Although skepticism is a useful safeguard against naivety, it can sometimes turn into a tendency to doubt everything out of place. But that’s not what skepticism means in philosophy, for good or bad.
Pyrrhon is one of the most important septic philosophers.
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY SUSPENSION?
Septic philosophy means a philosophy that “in principle doubts” the possibility of knowledge. The septic tendency is encountered in the early periods of the history of Greek philosophy. The Sophists, for example, are blatantly skeptical.
It is quite possible to understand Protagoras’ assumption that “man is the measure of all things” in the sense that “there is no general truth”. Gorgias, on the other hand, thought of thinking as a fun and enjoyable endeavor.
When Pascal said, “What is right on the other side of the Pyrenees (Spain) and wrong on this side (in France)”, he pointed to another source of skepticism, different communities or cultures having different “right” views.
All these have led to the emergence of a movement called skepticism or skepticism in the language of philosophy, which opposes the claim that man has knowledge.
Blaise Pascal has pointed out that cultures have different views of “right”.
In addition to the skepticism that we can call “skepticism as an attitude”, there are also types of skepticism that we can distinguish as “skepticism as a method”, “skepticism about non-experimental knowledge” and “extreme skepticism”.
Skeptical philosophers have taken an important place in the history of philosophy by doubting the possibility of knowledge. This suspicion stemmed from different reasons. For example, our everyday experiments have shown that our senses are often mistaken.
It is also known that some of the information accepted in the past are openly rejected and refuted today. Again, the history of science shows that many scientific views that people accepted as true in the past are no longer accepted as true today.
Skepticism; It is a philosophical view that skepticizes all kinds of knowledge claims, examines their foundations, effects and certainties, and also argues that the mind cannot obtain certain knowledge, that even if the truth is attained, one will remain in constant and complete doubt, and that it is not possible to reach the absolute.
Septicism has a very important place in the history of philosophy; Because throughout the history of philosophy, it has shaken the established opinions and beliefs and prepared the environment for many understandings of philosophy, science and especially religion to change.
The multiplicity and variety of philosophical explanations put forward since Thales naturally necessitated criticism and suspicion. Protagoras, the founder of ancient Greek sophistication, was the first suspicious, skeptical (septicist) thinker in history.
Protagoras said, “Man is the measure of all things. Everything is as it appears to me. The wind is not cold for the cold, not cold for the cold. Two completely opposite words can be said for everything.” He stated that there is no universal truth, and that each person can have their own opinions and thoughts.
Accordingly, Protagoras’ skepticism is defined as relative skepticism. The first skeptical philosopher to systematically examine the problem of knowledge is Pyrrhon. With Pyrrhon, the view of skepticism became schooled.
Protagoras was the first suspicious, skeptical (septicist) thinker in history.
KNOWLEDGE OF SEPTISM
When scepticism is mentioned, it is understood the philosophy that doubts the existence of knowledge, existence and value and doubts that their knowledge can be reached. According to this understanding; The information our senses provide us is complex, deceptive, variable. However, correct information must be absolute, clear and generally accepted information.
BC, when septicism emerged as a “system”. III. In the 19th century, we see that moral problems are commonly dealt with, and what kind of attitude human beings should take in the face of the universe is made the main subject. Along with the Septics, a philosophy was formed that placed “doubt” on the basis of morality.
The first philosopher to introduce doubt as a system was Phyrrhon. That’s why septicism is also called Pyrrhonism.
According to him, the beings themselves can never be known. We can only know entities as they appear to us, and