What is Singular, Particular, Universal?July 2, 2021
The universal was described as arkhe (the foundation of everything) in the philosophy of the Ancient Age. Therefore, different philosophers have put forward different views on what the universal is.
For example, Thales saw the universal as water, Heraclitus as fire, Democritus as atom. For Aristotle, the universal was nothing but abstractions of the human mind. Later, Locke, Kant and even Hegel made similar statements.
All three concepts reflect different objective relations of objective reality, are dependent on each other, always transform into each other, and without one there can be no other.
Every object and event is singular, hence it is distinguished from all other objects and events. But every single object and event also has things in common with other objects and events. These commonalities are particular if they are specific to a group of objects and events, and universal if they are specific to all objects and events. That is, one species is singular with its properties, another species is particular with its properties, and universal with other properties. That is, the singular can, under certain conditions, become the particular and the universal.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım