What is Social Justice?June 28, 2021
Social justice is a type of justice that refers to ideal conditions in which every member of society enjoys the same fundamental rights, protection, opportunity, obligations and social opportunities.
Social justice is “to ensure the equality and security of all social, economic, political rights and freedoms of all individuals living in the society as human beings.” The concept can also be defined as the elimination of economic imbalances between social classes, the protection of economically weak individuals and classes against other social individuals and classes, or positive discrimination.
social justice; It consists of elements such as respect for human rights, adequate living standards, decent living conditions, employment opportunities, and economic security. The aim of the Social State principle in our Constitution is to provide “Social Justice” and in line with this principle, all individuals are equal and have the right to receive an equal share of the values produced as a society.
The issues related to the distribution of the benefit, which are revealed by the joint work of the individuals who make up the society, have been the issues of great importance in every period and in every society. The fact that the continuity and peace of social life depends on the provision of social justice in the above sense has brought the issue to the forefront in every period. The absence of social justice in a society disrupts the balance of the society and the struggles between the social classes that make up the society come to the fore, and therefore the stability and continuity of the society is interrupted.
In the liberal and pluralist democracies of our age, one of the main duties of the state is to provide social justice. Social justice does not mean just providing economic justice. Depending on the understanding of the social state, the physical and spiritual development of the person, the material well-being, the development of his abilities and the free use of the opportunities he has are considered as a requirement of social justice.
Social justice, whose theoretical sources have been tried to be given so far, will be discussed more historically and as a practical application specific to today’s pluralist societies.
In order to better understand the concept of social justice, which is defined as the fair distribution of all values in a society without considering historical, sociological and cultural differences, its historical development and current meaning should be examined together. Because although social justice discussions and practices appeared in the 20th century, its origins can be traced back to the 18th century.
The 1793 French Constitution, which includes social and economic rights as an indicator of social justice, supports this claim. However, the idea of social justice did not develop much in this century, and personal freedoms were prioritized. It will be necessary to wait for the second half of the 20th century for the concept of social justice, which was revived by the workers’ revolutions of the 19th century and the thought of Marxism, to be fully placed on the legal and political plane. II. The understanding of the social and rule of law, which replaced the totalitarian states after World War II, will be based on this idea of social and economic justice. Because while social justice ensures the redistribution of the national wealth of a society on the basis of its equitable distribution, it ensures the happiness of not only individuals but also the entire people. Today, social justice can be thought of together with economic justice as well as morally understood.
What are the historical roots of social justice?
What is the meaning of social justice today?
Source: ATA-AÖF, EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY, Asst. Assoc. Dr. Tugay TUTKUN