What is Speculative Philosophy (Fictional Philosophy)?July 2, 2021
Speculative philosophy is the name given to the philosophy that is made and carried out with mental constructs without resorting to objective reality. Speculative philosophy departs from fiction that expresses thought for the sole purpose of knowing and explaining, without dealing with practice. Speculative philosophy claims that human thought can operate independently of practice for knowing and explanation.
Philosophy remained speculative for centuries because it developed faster than the sciences of its time and lacked the opportunity to be verified by the sciences of its time. Hence the birth of metaphysics. For example, it is the result of this impossibility that the first materialist ideas required opposite idealist ideas. As a matter of fact, the development of the natural sciences and the increasing interest in the sciences have pushed metaphysics and idealism towards collapse.
The philosophy of our age has been completely scientific. Since philosophy means looking for the way of knowledge and acquiring it, it is realized by moving from concrete and scientific intuition to abstract thought and from this to concrete practice again. Knowledge of objective truth can only be obtained through this dialectical method.
Fictional philosophy is purely intellectual philosophy that is tried to be made without resorting to experiments and observations. Metaphysics and its various idealist forms are purely speculative philosophies. In particular, the philosophies of Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, the famous trio of German idealism, are also called speculative philosophy.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım