What is Sports Philosophy and What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Sport; It is a field where scientific researches are conducted in fields such as education, medicine, physiology, pharmacology, economy, sociology, psychology, philosophy, different technologies, politics, law, and communication, and it has multifaceted interactions. In this context, Philosophy of Sport emerges as a discipline in which sport is dealt with intellectually.
Sport is a fundamental and original field of action. It is a fundamental field of action because it is based on human nature. The only and most important manifestation of human nature, vitality, is movement. Sport is a unique field of action, because it is shaped by the constructive-creative activities of the individual.
Man’s movement vocabulary has developed in line with his needs in its historical development, therefore it includes constructive – creative activities. (Erdemli, A.; Human, Sports and Olympism; p, 27)
SPORTS – HUMAN RELATIONSHIP
According to Max Scheler, man is a being born to realize himself. Therefore, human beings do not have the state of being competent and sufficient within their own limits, which we see in other living things. A. Gehlen, attempting to explain this with the view of retardation in development, defines man as a being of “deficiencies”. The life of man is the elimination of this deficiency.
It has given man the freedom of reason, conscience and will based on them. The basis of a person for a life worthy of him is his unique abilities. It can be stronger in one or more of the different fields of action of each person. These powers, called special abilities, also need to be revealed.
The concretization of the original aspects of human beings is the basic foundation of humanism. Thus, an important life task of man emerges: Man has an immanent being that must be unfolded and embodied. To live is to realize ourselves in this context. In other words, it is to shape, develop and make perfect what we have as raw. That is to humanize.
Sport is both a sociological and a philosophical field of activity.
Everything that man is related to; He humanizes nature, the universe, the life he has created, his creations, and culture; that is, he reshapes it according to himself and makes it suitable for himself. Movement is raw for man. Man shapes the movement according to himself, gives meaning to it, evaluates it, and thus action emerges. Action is the humanized form of movement. Action occurs when we shape, integrate and direct our actions to achieve a goal we have set. For this reason, the action is often referred to as the purpose to which it is directed; like going for a walk or studying.
From the point of view of the individual, sport is primarily a body event. Without the body, without relying on the body, sports are impossible. Because sport is based on the mobility inherent in the body. So where there is no movement, there is no sport. The basic human movements or our ability to move are specific, limited, and unique to each of us. Despite our individual differences, each individual has the power to do sports. The main thing is to fully realize “training for sports” in line with our abilities and skills (Erdemli, A.; ibid; p. 27).
Sport is liberation. Because during the sportive action, we begin to learn the limits of our own power and know our abilities, in short, to know ourselves, to use our individual talents, to improve the skills we use, and ultimately to perfect ourselves, that is, to become free. (Erdemli, A; ibid; p.28)
If sport remains as an action based only on the body, it degenerates and deteriorates. Because the sport, which requires a versatile activity, is limited to the primitive self in one dimension, that is, pure power and strength. Unless knowing and knowing the body, managing and perfecting the body integrates with another aspect of sports, that is, unless it becomes beautiful, action is not sports.
Sport is friendship.
In sports, a strong movement of the body emerges with a powerful beauty. Beauty in sports is born when physical strength turns into a refined skill and power of behavior. Sporty behavior is not complete by simply adding the beautiful. Beauty in sports must be integrated with virtue in behavior. Sportive behavior is complete when physical strength and skill are integrated with beauty and virtue. (Erdemli, A; ibid; p.28-29)
Fair Play is in the structure of sportive behavior. Sport gives pleasure not only because it is a game, but also because the individual creates good and virtuous behaviors there. Undoubtedly, this is a pleasure that exalts man. (Erdemli, A ; ibid; p.29) When we look at the history of the English origin “Fair Play”, which we met with the word “sportive virtue” in Turkish, we encounter the compound word Fairnes. Fair here; It is used in many, but all of them in a positive sense, such as neat, conforming to the rules, not deviating from tradition, good, beautiful. The word Fairnes, on the other hand, means to be honest in one’s occupation, to act with justice, to live virtuously and in a manner worthy of humanity. In this form, the concept was used in England in the 19th century. was a hallmark of the Gentleman in the early