What Is Superhuman, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Idealist concept put forward by Nietzsche. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1890) argued that evolution was directed towards the superhuman, against Friedrich Hegel, who claimed that evolutionary naturalization stopped with man and that there would be no need to become more natural any more: “What is man to ape, superhuman is to man,” he says, and in his work Zarathustra Said So explains the phrase: “You have made your way from worm to human, and many things within you are still worms. I teach you the superhuman. Man is a phenomenon to be overcome. Defeat him and turn to the superhuman, which is the purpose of the earth.
Stick to the earth and don’t be fooled by those who talk about afterlife hopes. God is dead. Now, what is terrible is to sin against the earth. If gods existed, how would I (man) endure being God? You, yourself, are the creator and will create the superhuman. Your great salvation is in this creativity. O my fellow human beings, you may not be superhuman, but you will be the creator of the superhuman. You must create what you call the world. It should be your mind, your love, your thought and your action. Shred my brothers, smash the old plates. Here I show you this value sheet. Cleanse the sin of being the children of your fathers by becoming the fathers of your children…”
This philosophy, which has its roots in Fichte, became existentialism etc. with the development of its negative aspects. Apart from creating contemporary currents of thought such as the German Nazism, it eventually gave birth to German Nazism. Niezsche says that a ruling race is needed to be master of the earth and that he is of the opinion that the Jewish movement to Germany should be stopped. His ethics is aristocratic, “No morality is possible unless he is born of a good family, every progress of man comes from aristocratic society”. says. His superhuman goal is, in Nietzsche’s words, “to mold the man of the future by eliminating millions of idiots”. And “the poverty of a whole nation is less important than the suffering of a superhuman.” Nietzsche’s attitude towards the masses is the superhuman that he wants to create. It is like the attitude of the people he describes as “millions of idiots”, when he wants to run to their goals, he calls out “O my fellow human beings!” and remembers that they are human only when he expects service from them. Half a century later, the superhuman Hitler, the product of his philosophy, will do the same. Nietzsche is against the socialism that wants to humanize “millions of idiots” as he is against Christianity. According to him, socialism is to oppose “millions of idiots” to superhumans. Whereas “millions of idiots” should be deprived of education, should not know many truths and be enslaved to the superhumans. should.