What is Tabiyya (Tabiyyun, Tabiyiyye)?December 22, 2019
Naturalist philosophy is one of the schools of philosophy seen in the history of Islamic thought. Based on a deist approach, the naturalist school rejects the institution of prophethood and religion, even though it accepts the existence of God as creative power. Due to this attitude of the naturalist philosophy of Islamic thought can not find the opportunity to establish a tradition in the history of Jabir b. Two representatives, Hayyân and Abu Bakr Râzî , found their place in the literature.
In the history of Islamic thought and science, Jabir b. Hayyân argued that the way to understand the secrets of the world was through chemical analyzes; he expressed his thoughts in a mysterious and mystical language with the concern that these secrets could be abused. A few of his many works believed that the stone of philosophy should be discovered in order to unravel the main structure of this naturalist / naturalist thinker .
Abu Bakr Razi, who is the other representative of naturalist philosophy, is the most important physician and chemist in the Islamic world. The existence of the world “five eternal principles” (al-kudemâü’l hamse), which he describes as creative (God), exquisite (spirit), grandiose (matter), still (space) and dehr (time), Râzî, thanks to his sense of reason and sense of justice, is good-bad, right- He finds the institution of religion unnecessary and meaningless, arguing that people who are created in equal and equal positions to distinguish false, beautiful-ugly, beneficial-harmful do not need the guidance of a prophet and also show religion as the cause of many conflicts and wars. Due to this deist approach, Râzî could not establish a tradition in the Islamic world.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook