What is the Antithesis, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
It is the second movement of the logical dialectic of three motions in Hegel’s logic. It is synonymous with the idioms of negation and negation. (According to Hegel, N.) To be is to be in a state of being. Every being, by its very essence, transcends itself and transforms into its opposite. Every argument carries an antithesis, every action a counter-action. Every proposition brings with it denial. Dialectic (dialectic), thesis-antithesis-synthesis is a three-movement law of formation. The synthesis creates a new thesis by including the thesis and the antithesis. This new thesis necessarily presents its antithesis and arrives at a new synthesis.(…)
Depending on the environment and conditions, this formation may be very slow or very fast. In logical development, every assertion is an affirmation, every antithesis is a negation and negation, every synthesis is a negation of negation and a negation of negation. Hegel says: “Negation carries a certain content. This is a new concept, a richer concept. Because it is enriched by denying its content. The development process is possible only with the conflict of the thesis and the antithesis. Thus, the contradiction is overcome and a higher segment is reached. This higher section contains both itself and, more than itself, its opposite” (Hegel, Logic, introduction and chapter 1)
According to the Hegelian dialectic, every argument carries an antithesis within it. Every proposition brings with it its own negation. For example, justice brings injustice with it and reaches a higher justice by conflicting with its opposite. This high level is a synthesis, which also carries its counter-argument as a new argument. Hegel says that “this is how the system of concepts develops and is formed in an unceasing flow independent of any external influence” (Ibid, first book, introduction). Hegel uses the phrases assertion or affirmation, antithesis or negation, synthesis or negation of negation for the three periods of his logical dialectic.
Although Hegel is the founder of the dialectical triad, there are gaping differences between it and the law of the negation of negation established and explained by dialectical and historical materialist philosophy. First, the Hegelian contradiction is logical, internal, and evolutionary (evolution without leap, without revolution N.), whereas dialectical materialist contradiction is, on the contrary, historical, external, and revolutionary. If you try to analyze social facts with Hegelian dialectic, you will get the unrealistic and ridiculous result, for example, that feudalism has never and will never turn into capitalism, but will always continue to become self-perpetuating. Second, the Hegelian opposition is identical, and the dialectical opposition, on the contrary, is hostile to each other. If you try to solve social facts with Hegelian dialectic, you will encounter the unreal and ridiculous result, for example, that the slave and the slave-owner are identical, one and the same.