What is the Controversy?

What is the Controversy?

Anselmus emerges as a realistic philosopher within the framework of the debate of universals.

The debate of universals is a clash of problems, especially in the 11th and 12th centuries. The main source of the problem is Porphyrios’s Isagoge. In this book, Porphyrios questions the status of the species and genera which is called as secondary substance by Aristotle .

Among the various interpretations of Isagoge, which includes questions such as whether the universality exists, where it exists, whether it is material or not, Boethius made the most influence. Thus, the two most important sources in the debate of universals are Porphyrios and Boethius. According to the different answers given to the questions just mentioned, philosophers, especially in the twelfth century, came together in two pure forms as reales and nominales.

Therefore, as some think, he was not only interested in content of thought; but he also emphasized the relevance of these contents to things. Anselmus said that there should be a direct interest between thought contents and things, otherwise, it could be easily made mistakes in judgments concerning the physical world (Maurer, 1982: 54).

Prepared by:  Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source:  Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook