What is the Experimental, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
cannot be obtained by experiment.
This term was first used in the 12th century by La. They were derived from the word Transcendere and used it in the sense of above categories (La. Transcendentalia). With this idiom, they were expressing that ideas such as existence, truth, and unity were supersensible properties that were known only by intuition before experimentation. With this, they were explaining that the features that are above categories cannot be explained by Aristotle’s categories. In this sense, the phrase transcendental (Fr. Transcendental) is synonymous with the phrase transcendent (Fr. Transcendent). This meaning was criticized by the German thinker Immanuel Kant.
According to Kant, the transcendent is the knowledge of the pre-experimental (prior) rather than the transcendent. In Kant’s philosophy, the concept of transcendence, which is the opposite of experience as well as transcendent, expresses the knowledge that falls within this limit, not the one that goes beyond the limit of knowledge, as Albert the Great and Thomas of Aquino expressed. In other words, the supra-experimental, who is above the categories in the scholastics, is the categories themselves according to Kant. Kant considers the above empirical in the scholastic sense to be transcendent and therefore unknowable. Kant puts the meta-experimental, which the scholastics raised above the limit of knowledge, on the basis of knowledge. To put it another way, the meaning of going beyond in the origin of the idiom means going beyond the upper limit of knowledge in scholastics, and going beyond the empirical lower limit of knowledge in Kant.