What is the General Theoretical Framework of the Frankfurt School?

What is the General Theoretical Framework of the Frankfurt School?

June 29, 2021 Off By Felso

The work of the members of the school is not the implementation of a certain project that is closely interconnected. Even if there are parallel studies in part between Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse Lowenthal, Pollock, there are still fundamental differences of opinion. The legitimate mention of a particular school is not due to the implementation of common consensus, but to the understanding of critical theory adopted by researchers.

The initial aim was to return Marxism, which was thought to have turned into a dogma, to its essence and to establish its relationship with philosophy. That is, by criticizing Marxism as Marxists, it was to show that this doctrine has the advantage that it can generate criticism in itself and to save Marxism from entrenched orthodox interpretations. However, over time, they began to distance themselves from Marxism and gradually fall under the influence of Weber. The practices in the Soviet Union also had an impact on this.

The school has planted seeds that will be the source of all postmodern theses in the world of thought in an early period when the essence of postmodernism was not read. The critique of modernity and capitalist society in the context of modern society is striking and can be read as the basis of the postmodern discourse that is accepted as normal today. For example, he criticized modernity in the context of instrumentalizing the mind, saving the mind from dogmas and turning the mind into dogma. Again, in the context of the culture industry, they have made intense criticisms of capitalist society, claiming that capitalism makes the individual one-dimensional by making all individuals look like each other (see Marcuse). The greatest living representative is Jürgen Habermas, who also stated that modernity is an unfinished project.