What is the Historical School, and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
The Historical School, in a narrow sense, is the historical school of law (Savignhy, Eichhorn etc.) founded at the beginning of the 19th century. Against the rational understanding of law of the Enlightenment, he sees law as a result of historical development and an organically developed product of the nation’s spirit.
The Historical School can be broadly explained as follows: scientific developments that began with Hamann, Herder, Möser, Lessing and culminated in the work of the Brothers Grimm and Ranke; With this development, German historical sciences not only reached their classical form as individual sciences, but also created a new historical consciousness and worldview. The method and understanding of this school especially conflicts with Hegel’s philosophy of history. According to this school, what happened in history has a value in itself. Forms such as the state, law, and art created by history should be understood as creations of the special spirit (spirit) of a nation or an age.
al. Historische Schule, Fr. ecole historique, Eng. historical school, es. t. historical school.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım