What is the History of Philosophy?
History of Philosophy; a number of events, a number of life stories, a number of opinions are not to report in order.
The history of philosophy aims to give a correlative explanation of the different attempts to solve the problem of existence or to make our world of experience understandable to ourselves.
Logical is the story of the development of human thought from the earliest beginning to the present; it is not merely a time-series and explanation of philosophical theories, but an examination of them in relation to the times in which they are produced and the thinkers who present them.
While each system of thought is more or less dependent on the civilization of which it was born, the core structures of the previous systems and the personality of the author, it, for its part, exerts a hidden effect on the understanding and institutions of the era and the ages following it. The history of philosophy should seek to place every worldview within its appropriate framework and to correlate it with the intellectual, political, moral, social and religious factors of its present, past and future. In addition, one should try to follow the line of progress in the history of speculative thought, to show how the mental attitude called philosophy arises, to show how the various questions and solutions proposed provoke new questions and answers, and to determine what progress has been made at each stage.
Philosophical systems are not the products of pure mental activity in a personal, historical and cultural vacuum; on the contrary, they are the accomplishments of individual philosophical geniuses, not only reflecting the temperament and personality of their authors, but similarly reflecting the cultural, historical and philosophical environment in which they live. Each system is the point of convergence of numerous influences that determine both its doctrinal importance and its structural organization. Some of these influences are purely intellectual and philosophical.
The idea that philosophy was a reflection of personal thought was extensively defended in the first part of William James ‘ pragmatism. Tarihi The history of philosophy is within the scope of human formation, James James said. Personal differences are not only in the field of philosophy, but also in the fields of literature, art and politics.
The history of philosophy shows the development of the problematic of philosophy and comprehends the logical order of this development. Henceforth, the history of philosophy itself is a discipline of philosophy. History of Philosophy tells us; shows what philosophy is and what place philosophy is in the development of human consciousness and culture. However, the history of philosophy is to make philosophy on philosophy.
Since the time of Socrates , history has witnessed many great philosophers. You can find many of them on our site in our Philosophers title. A website of philosophy can approach the issue historically and list the philosophers in question in chronological order and examine their contributions to philosophy. We tried to do that. Rather than approaching history and focusing on specific philosophical questions, we have addressed the issue within the historical framework.
The history of philosophy is itself an impressive and important field; In addition, many of the classics of philosophy are also enormous literary works: Plato ‘s Socratic dialogues, Rene Descartes ‘ Meditations, David Hume ‘s Sor An Investigation on the Ability to Understand Human iet and Nietzsche ‘s “Such Zoroastrian”. As can be understood, all such works, regardless of the standard, are of interest. While studying the history of philosophy is of great importance, our goal here is to explain the history of philosophy in a simple way.
Any serious work of philosophy involves a combination of historical and subject-based work; for not knowing the arguments and mistakes of the previous philosophers means that the hope of making a substantial contribution to the subject is lost. Without the knowledge of history, philosophers could never move forward: without realizing that it had been done before, they would repeat the same mistakes. In addition, many philosophers develop their theory by seeing the mistakes in the work of their predecessors. However, it is possible, in part, to justify the intricate work of each original thinker on such a web page. The Resources cited after each chapter will help to address the issues discussed here from a broader, historical framework. For this reason, please, first of all,
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook; Ernst von Aster’s Lecture Notes