What is the Importance and Necessity of Thinking?June 26, 2021
Socrates, one of the greatest thinkers in the history of philosophy, said, “A life that has not been thought over, unquestioned is not worth living.” he said.
In order for a person to continue his life, to solve the secrets of nature and to live a meaningful life in the world he is a part of, he needs to know himself. Acquiring knowledge of these is also possible through human thinking.
The act of thinking mentioned here; to examine and compare information in order to reach a conclusion, and to generate ideas by making use of the interests, to form mental abilities; It is an expression used in the meanings such as searching and finding with one’s mind. Thinking is a human ability, a necessary condition of life.
Socrates said, “The unexamined life is not worth living.” He showed the importance of questioning with the word.
First of all, man’s desire to understand nature is innate. Man came to the world not only with some abilities such as living and protecting himself that animals have, but also with a power called reason. Thanks to his mind, he is a being capable of thinking both for the world and for himself. People who are not born with ready-made information naturally need to know everything. In this context
Aristotle said in his famous work “Metaphysics” that “all people naturally want to know”. The desire to make the unknown known, arising from this structure of man, never leaves him alone. For this reason, human beings ask many questions to understand the world and want to find answers to them. Thus, it tries to find the relations, the bonds between the existing things.
When we say human, we first understand the “thinking being”. As a conscious being, man thinks. A thinking person asks questions to get to know himself and the outside world. It introduces developments in science, art and technique and produces new information. He thinks about the information and concepts he has obtained. In this way, people try to reach the most accurate information by opening the existing information to discussion and investigation.
As a being who carries out the act of thinking, thinking about this act of thinking is the first step for this consciousness awakening and philosophy activity. Pascal was of the opinion in this context that the whole value of man is in his thought. Because if one side of human life is action, the other side is the basic thought before the action. This provides him with a perspective on the world and his own existence that requires constant rethinking. Thus, by leaning on himself, questioning himself and his place in the universe is the beginning of giving meaning to existing things.
This human truth is told to us in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: “Think before you speak, weigh before you act.” In Gene Hamlet, we encounter the following sentence about thinking: “Nothing is good or bad in itself, everything depends on our thinking about that thing.”
Thinking, which is a mental activity, is both the perception of sensory content and the interpretation of concepts. Thinking; It can be simple-detailed, shallow-deep, analytical-combining, one-sided-multidimensional, but thinking without content is not possible. The person who performs the act of thinking has to do this act about a ‘thing’; because a thought without an object, without a subject, is not possible.
“Imagine a pink elephant climbing a tree.”
“Imagine a pink elephant climbing a tree.” When it is said, the mind lines up the images that these words evoke in memory and creates an animation. The idea of whether an elephant is a baby or an adult, whether its color is pink or not, or whether an elephant can climb a tree, may change depending on people’s own life experiences and their imagination.
What is achieved by thinking is the animation that people create in their minds by calling what is in their memories, and the effort to understand the situation in the integrity of this animation. These animations are made by transforming the symbols that replace an elephant in memory into a mental system. With the correct establishment of the relations between symbols, meaning is made and the contents of thinking become knowledge.
Knowledge, in its simplest form, is defined as a product obtained as a result of thinking. Every information is an explanation. Every explanation involves saying what something is while also saying what it isn’t. This distinguishing feature of thinking creates human consciousness. Consciousness is the ability to recognize one’s own and outside.
It is a state of self-consciousness to think about one’s consciousness and to question what is effective in one’s thoughts. Learning the subjects of a lesson is the function of consciousness. Learning how one learns is the transition to self-consciousness. Self-consciousness is an inquiring state of mind. In addition to acquiring knowledge, he tries to find the answer to how to obtain knowledge and to criticize all these.
Situations such as daydreaming, speaking, listening, reading and writing are different forms of thinking. Speaking and listening change the one-person ability of thinking and reveal the social aspect of thinking.