What is the Law of Unity and Struggle of Opposites, and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
All objects, events and processes in nature, society and consciousness carry an opposition (i.e., dialectical internal contradiction) within them, this opposition is the source of all movement and development. These oppositions are both in a ‘unity’ (there is no one without the other) and in a ‘fight’ (the one constantly excludes the other), intertwining (the one tends to constantly overpower and replace the other). Nature, society and consciousness work and develop with this universal law. Progress means the disappearance of unity as a result of this struggle and the birth of a new unity in its place. That is why the unity of opposites is ‘temporary’ (i.e. relative, accidental, secondary), while the struggle of opposites is ‘permanent’ (i.e. absolute, fundamental, primary).
It is because of this law that the ‘old’ always gives way to the ‘new’. In nature, for example, the egg becomes a chick with this law, in society, for example, feudalism becomes capitalism (capitalism N.) with this law, in consciousness, for example, knowledge progresses with this law. Since movement and development are the result of the struggle of opposites, this law is called the ‘essence of dialectic’. Dialectal unity and struggle in every object, event and process is internal, it does not require any external influence, that is, it is not the result of an external influence. Moreover, the phrase ‘dialectical’ always expresses the ‘internal’; For example, the plucking of a fruit from a tree is a mechanical motion, while its spontaneous ripening and falling is a dialectical motion. The law of unity and struggle of opposites expresses the spontaneity of movement and development.
(the unity and struggle of opposites is also valid externally, objects, persons, societies, thoughts, etc. are together and in struggle, also the internal and external constantly interact together and in struggle N.)